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injury develops due to liberation of accumulated inflammatory products and oxygen-derived free radicals. 1 The membrane-anchored enzyme COX (also called prostaglandin-endoperoxide synthase) catalyzes the conversion of arachidonic acid, liberated by

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in American Journal of Veterinary Research

allowing clinicians to better differentiate between immunologic, infectious, oncologic, and traumatic neurologic disorders. 1–7 The immunoregulatory mechanisms ensuing from neurologic tissue injury or inflammation also take place in the CSF compartment

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in American Journal of Veterinary Research

responsible for creating new epithelium every 3 to 5 days. The remaining epithelium is made up of mature, postmitotic cell types that include absorptive enterocytes, goblet cells, and Paneth cells. Severe mucosal injury likely compromises the proliferative

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in American Journal of Veterinary Research

injury or inflammation. 20 In a recent study, 9 high gene expression of IL-8 in umbilical cord blood of human neonates was found to be a sensitive marker for neonatal infection. Interleukin-8 was the only cytokine with greater expression in sick

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in American Journal of Veterinary Research

concentrations of individual growth factors. Platelet concentrates primarily segregate and concentrate viable thrombocytes from whole blood samples to deliver their content at the site of injury. In their unstimulated form, humoral platelet-derived mediator

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in American Journal of Veterinary Research

to tissue injury following stress failure of the pulmonary capillaries may involve the production of cytokines at the site of inflammation, which may be accompanied by a systemic acute-phase response. Because airway inflammation involves the

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in American Journal of Veterinary Research

Primary osteoarthritis and cartilage injury are characterized by continual degradation of the joint environment and disruption of cartilage homeostasis, frequently resulting in chronic pain and increasing joint dysfunction. The prevalence of joint

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in American Journal of Veterinary Research

begin in normal skin; in skin at the site of a burn, injury, or scar; or at a site of chronic inflammation. 1 Most often, it originates from AK, a precancerous skin growth associated with sun exposure. 3 However, AK is often regarded as a form of SCC

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in American Journal of Veterinary Research

JM Anderson JE . Muscle regeneration after imposed injury is better in younger than older mdx dystrophic mice . J Neurol Sci 1991 ; 104 : 190 – 196 . 10.1016/0022-510X(91)90309-U 10. Blau HM Webster C Chiu CP , et al

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in American Journal of Veterinary Research

: 602 – 610 . 10.1016/j.orthres.2004.10.003 15. Nicholson AM Trumble TN Meritt KA , et al. Associations of horse age, joint type, and osteochondral injury with serum and synovial fluid concentrations of type II collagen biomarkers in

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in American Journal of Veterinary Research