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contribute to the pathogenesis of the clinical syndromes of abortion and neurologic disease through ischemic injury. The exact mechanism leading to thrombus formation remains unclear; however, we have shown that EHV-1 induces tissue factor expression on

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in American Journal of Veterinary Research

ewes of the present study; however, the magnitude of that decrease was significantly greater for the BVDV-inoculated ewes than for the control ewes. That finding suggested that the BVDV-inoculated ewes were undergoing trophoblastic injury, which was

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in American Journal of Veterinary Research

, and 5- to 7-Mm-thick tissue sections were stained with H&E. The pathologist was blinded to the treatment status for each sinus. On histologic evaluation, tissue sections were scored for inflammation, tissue injury, and presence of treatment material

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in American Journal of Veterinary Research

of erythrocytes in blood of M suis –infected swine would lead to formation of immune complexes that would become trapped in capillaries, reducing blood flow, causing injury to those vessels, and leading to subcutaneous bleeding. However, whether the

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in American Journal of Veterinary Research

absolute leukocyte count or leukocytosis. 1,13 Apart from BLV infection, an increase in the number of WBCs can develop as a consequence of inflammation, stress, injury, leukemia, and infections. 10,14 The increase in WBC count can be attributable to an

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in American Journal of Veterinary Research

contamination in pig rearing and slaughter facilities that results from pigs shedding high numbers of Salmonella organisms in the feces. Certain pathological events, which include intestinal injury, enteric disease (eg, salmonellosis), and stress, initiate

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in American Journal of Veterinary Research

occurs after any tissue injury, is a part of the innate host defense system. 20 The response can be initiated by various causes (eg, infections, trauma, or immunologic reactions). The acute-phase response causes systemic effects such as fever and

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in American Journal of Veterinary Research

Beiler S , et al . Plasma infusions into porcine cerebral white matter induce early edema, oxidative stress, pro-inflammatory cytokine gene expression and DNA fragmentation: implications for white matter injury with increased blood

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in American Journal of Veterinary Research

, or injury and for evidence of food and water consumption. All cats were observed daily for signs of depression, coughing, dyspnea, ocular abnormalities, and CNS abnormalities on days 42 (prior to inoculation with T gondii cysts) to 127. A

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in American Journal of Veterinary Research

. Of the 890 calves enrolled in the study, 4 were excluded prior to weaning because of injury or death, although none of the conditions were known to be related to infectious disease. Table 1— Descriptive characteristics for 890 natural

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in American Journal of Veterinary Research