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antibiotic prophylaxis during open reduction and internal fixation surgery in patients at low risk of surgical site infection . Injury 2015 ; 46 : 184 – 188 . 10.1016/j.injury.2014.07.026 6. Kaiser AB . Antimicrobial prophylaxis in surgery . N Engl

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in American Journal of Veterinary Research

used for < 120 minutes. 27 Pneumatic tourniquets may induce an ischemia-reperfusion injury with potentially harmful local and systemic consequences. The complications of tourniquet application include postoperative swelling, delay of recovery of muscle

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in American Journal of Veterinary Research

signs of disease or injury as determined by a study investigator were enrolled into the study, whereas calves that weighed > 409 kg or had clinical signs of systemic disease, injury, or other debilitation or a history of being treated with an

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in American Journal of Veterinary Research

1. Gibson KT , McIlwraith CW , Turner AS , Open joint injuries in horses: 58 cases (1980–1986) . J Am Vet Med Assoc 1989 ; 194 : 398 – 404 . 2. Milner PI , Bardell DA , Warner L , Factors associated with survival to

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in American Journal of Veterinary Research

release of proteolytic enzymes, reactive oxygen species, and potent proinflammatory mediators that exacerbate the inflammatory response and amplify the degree of tissue injury. 2 Leukotriene B 4 , a proinflammatory lipid mediator derived from arachidonic

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in American Journal of Veterinary Research

. Open joint injuries in horses: 58 cases (1980–1986) . J Am Vet Med Assoc 1989 ; 194 : 398 – 404 . 3. Schneider RK Bramlage LR Moore RM , et al. A retrospective study of 192 horses affected with septic arthritis/tenosynovitis . Equine Vet

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in American Journal of Veterinary Research

start of the study. We considered that the inflammatory response in ESS-treated ears most likely occurred secondary to localized cell injury in the middle ear cavity, as bony proliferation of the tympanic bulla is a well-documented response to chronic

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in American Journal of Veterinary Research

mammal exotic companion animals. 1 Rabbits are frequently brought to veterinarians with signs of illness or injury, which commonly require treatment with antimicrobial drugs. 2 Safe antimicrobial choices are limited in rabbits owing to the

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in American Journal of Veterinary Research

mentation, apparent blindness, pelvic limb paresis, nystagmus, and head tremors. Other reported abnormalities included biochemical evidence of kidney injury in 2 cats, 7 hypokalemia in 1 cat, 9 and an auscultable cardiac arrhythmia in another cat. 9

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in American Journal of Veterinary Research

use of negative pressure wound therapy in traumatic wounds and reconstructive surgery: steps towards an international consensus . Injury 2011 ; 42 ( suppl 1 ): S1 – S12 . 10.1016/S0020-1383(11)00041-6 3. Mouës CM , Heule F , Hovius SER

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in American Journal of Veterinary Research