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all 4 of those case reports, the pulse oximeter was being used in a hospital setting by trained personnel. 1 Causes of injury from a pulse oximeter have included thermal burns from overheating of the probe, electrical burns from damage or short

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

. The aim is not to reinflate the lungs but merely to maintain oxygenation and normocapnia. 2 This will hopefully prevent ventilator-induced lung injury 4 and reexpansion pulmonary edema. 2 Positioning the animal with the head and thorax up (reverse

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

developing in the future in horses undergoing general anesthesia for MRI? Answer The most likely cause of the facial swelling in these 2 horses was EPAM resulting from decreased perfusion, ischemia, and reperfusion injury of the left masseter muscle

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

findings, a radiographic study of each carpus was performed. After discussion with the owner regarding further diagnostic and treatment options, CT of the right carpus was elected to better characterize the extent of injury to the carpus, followed by carpal

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

of traumatic brain injury. To the authors' knowledge, acute open brain herniation in dogs has not been reported previously. Potential reasons for acute open brain herniation include jugular vein occlusion, hypercapnia, hypoxemia, and subarachnoid or

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

postmortem examination was unavailable. Discussion Acute lung injury (ALI) and ARDS are clinical syndromes characterized by a sudden onset of tachypnea and dyspnea with evidence of pulmonary capillary leakage without increased pulmonary capillary

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

rupture. To achieve a definitive diagnosis, direct visualization of a tracheal injury via tracheoscopy, advanced imaging techniques such as computed tomography, or exploratory surgery is required. General anesthesia is often needed to perform these

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

evaluation of full-body trembling and hyperesthesia. The referring veterinarian reported that the patient originally presented to them for a left thoracic limb paw injury. The patient was subsequently prescribed a course of NSAIDs and discharged home. The

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

's inhibition of fatty acid metabolism in myocardial tissue. 21 Other investigators have reported that ILE treatment reduces cardiac ischemia reperfusion injury and exerts cytoprotective effects by maintaining mitochondrial membrane integrity. 22,23 Treatment

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

minimal risk of perioperative complications, including hypotension, hypoventilation, hypoxemia, bradyarrhythmias, musculoskeletal injury, and upper airway obstruction. 4 In addition to these usual considerations, a major consideration in the patient

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association