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environment, also known as the hidden curriculum, has as much or greater influence on the identities, attitudes, and behaviors of graduates than formal coursework. 1 , 14 – 20 The term hidden curriculum encompasses the variety of informal and unintended

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

of the TB itself and the TB environment. 14 – 18 The TB is a cavity of the temporal bone in its petrous part. It appears noticeably larger in volume in cats than in dogs. 15 – 17 It is almost completely separated into 2 distinct cavities by the

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

groups. Powdered anesthetic agent was used in the present study while a stock solution was used in a previous study. 10 Stock solutions of MS-222 have been reported to remain efficient for 3 months when kept in a dark and cool environment. 22 Since

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

physical health, of animals. Pet-friendly environments, 10 music, 11 , 12 lower background noise, 13 low-stress handling, 14 and the use of food 15 have been shown to be effective in reducing stress levels during veterinary visits. Anti

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

poor tissue healing after partial arytenoidectomy, with formation of excessive scar tissue. Laser resection of the cicatrix has only been palliative, as the cicatrix often reforms unless the horse is moved to a different environment. However, the

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

anionic proteins in plasma does not prevent the influx of interstitial chloride down concentration gradients, and some interstitial sodium accompanies the chloride to preserve an electroneutral environment. 14 The lack of the corresponding theoretic

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

removed on day 49 and were therefore deeper. This turtle was released 81 days after initial admission and surgical fracture repair. Following surgery, turtles were maintained in a controlled, heated environment with access to UV lighting during dry

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

-associated hepatopathy in most breeds of dogs appears to be a complex disorder, likely involving multiple genes and gene-environment interactions. 17 – 21 The present study further supported CAH in Labrador Retrievers to be a complex disease with variants in genes such

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

, agenda setting, and collecting animal, client, and environment history data). In year 3, each cohort completes a 20-hour junior practicum, Clinical Communication Skills-I and II (CCS-I or II), which consists of 12 hours of communication interactive

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

-care services also present a unique opportunity to improve equity of access and capitalize on the concept of One Health, ie, the interconnection between the health of humans, nonhuman animals and the environment. 12 In Canada, human health-care practitioners

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association