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Introduction Harmful algal blooms are a one-health issue that is likely to become intensified by climate change. 1 Harmful algal blooms can have deleterious effects on animal and human health as well as the environment. As one

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

environment, may become apparent as owners signal that they are preparing to leave. 12 Dogs with SA may also exhibit cues of increasing anxiety such as whimpering, pacing, tongue flicking, yawning, hiding, being immobile, or changing body language (eg, ears

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

(strains), and over time, a permissive conformer arises to become the predominant variant. 106,107 Prevailing conformers are host selected by differences in the replication environment. The deformed-template hypothesis posits that, initially, there is a

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in American Journal of Veterinary Research

against disease during this critical period. Cattle producers routinely feed newborn calves fresh (ie, never frozen) or frozen colostrum, which contains antibodies against pathogens within the local environment; however, antibodies are not the sole

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
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manage its environment. Hive humidity is also an important parameter to monitor because studies 12 , 13 show that abnormal levels of humidity greatly affect colony health. Relative humidity of a hive is usually maintained between 50% and 60% to

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

. Occupational exposures among nurses and risk of spontaneous abortion . Am J Obstet Gynecol 2012 ; 206 : e321 – e 328. 50. Meijster T , Fransman W , Veldhof R , et al. Exposure to antineoplastic drugs outside the hospital environment . Ann

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

and the patient's environment. The clinical signs and responses to treatment can vary among human patients, among individual dogs of the same breed, and among dog breeds. 8,9 There are over 30 genes involved in the pathogenesis of the human disease 10

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

general, expression of BDNF is increased in enriching environments and decreased in instances of stress, moderate endogenous glucocorticoid exposure, and depression. 15 Moesta et al 17 reported significantly lower concentrations of BDNF in dogs with SA

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
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that could pose a threat to public health, agriculture, or the environment could be derived. 2,3 In the aftermath of the September 11, 2001, terrorist attacks, many scientists were concerned that the priority of biomedical research programs would be

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in American Journal of Veterinary Research

in that situation. There are other statistical designs that can be used when the sample size is small. A classic design is the balanced incomplete block design. Blocking is a technique that “provides local control of the environment to reduce

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in American Journal of Veterinary Research