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To date, urban planners have had only a marginal interest in urban pet management. However, they have a potential role to play through application of urban design principles that may improve the quality of pets’ lives and reduce problems. The design principles appropriate to pets have been recently identified. These principles are part of a worldwide movement to improve housing design, with guidelines for various considerations that have been misunderstood or ignored in the past. Veterinarians have a role to play in alerting their clients to the need to consider the quality of their pets’ environment and in acting as advocates in relation to urban animal management and regulation.

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association


To determine whether certain characteristics of dogs offered for adoption are associated with successful adoption.


Retrospective cohort study.


1,468 relinquished dogs offered for adoption at a local humane society.


Data regarding dogs offered for adoption were obtained from surveys completed by previous owners. Data were analyzed by use of bivariate statistics and multivariable logistic regression.


Of dogs offered for adoption, 1,073 were successfully adopted, 239 were not adopted, and 157 were returned to the shelter after adoption. Terrier, hound, toy, and nonsporting breeds were found to be significantly associated with successful adoption (P< 0.05, χ2 analysis). Certain coat colors (gold, gray, and white), small size, and history of an indoor environment were also significant predictors of successful adoption. The correlation coefficient (0.048) indicated that only a small percentage of variance in adoption success could be explained by the multiple logistic regression model.

Clinical Implications

Animal shelter managers with limited kennel capacity may wish to periodically use surveys to determine whether the type of dog being offered to the public reflects the type of dog the public will adopt. (J Am Vet Med Assoc 1998;213:478-482)

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

may prefer cash incentives, these are not recommended owing to the challenges related to handling money securely and safely, especially within the inner-city environment. The cost of a cash-like incentive, even as much as $50 or more, will offset the

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

environments, a and the American Kennel Club has adopted the term all-American dog to refer to mixed-breed dogs that compete in obedience, agility, and rally competitions. 22 Currently, the most consistently and most widely used non–breed-based term for dogs

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association