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determine, and the conditions or environments that can impair these sensory capabilities need to be better understood. Although anatomic differences among various animal species lead to well-understood differences in hearing, 6 the basic physiologic

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in American Journal of Veterinary Research

formulation. For demonstration purposes, each cat was administered the formulation at the time of enrollment, but the daily ease of administration form was not completed by owners until the study began in the home environment on the following day. The

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in American Journal of Veterinary Research

beliefs, social relationships, and relationship to salient features of their environment. 2 Because QL is currently perceived by most researchers to be a subjective construct, the goal of its measurement is to access that subjective perception. 3 Health

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in American Journal of Veterinary Research

cadaveric heads were in a position that simulated that of the head of a standing horse or a horse in lateral recumbency. The immediate environment of standing horses should be evaluated prior to gunshot-related euthanasia. Consideration should be given to

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in American Journal of Veterinary Research

, indicating that the horses had become acclimated to their new environment and handlers unfamiliar to them. Although the mean plasma cortisol concentration for both groups of horses was highest at 330 minutes after exercise, values at that time, or at any

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in American Journal of Veterinary Research

better adaptation to the zoo environment. Clubb et al 15 disproved this assumption for Asian elephants, as captive-born Asian elephants had a poorer adult survivorship than their wild-born conspecifics. ABBREVIATIONS DOB Date of birth ISIS

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in American Journal of Veterinary Research

endogenous cortisol secretion reported in several studies. 15,16,17 These factors substantially diminish the use of plasma cortisol measurement in assessing animal well-being in typical livestock production environments. Substance P consists of 11 amino

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in American Journal of Veterinary Research

equipment (ie, firearm and ammunition); restraint of the animal; operator experience; distance between the operator and animal; potential for operator fatigue; and risk of harm to observers, other cattle, and the surrounding environment need to be considered

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in American Journal of Veterinary Research

-related behaviors. It is well recognized that tissue and nerve damage, in association with the exposure of the nociceptors to an inflammatory environment, result in an increased sensitivity of the high-threshold nociceptors so that they will respond to low

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in American Journal of Veterinary Research

Shortly after birth, neonatal foals are active, agile, and responsive to the environment; however, they predictably collapse and become flaccid during a particular type of physical restraint. 1–5 This phenomenon, previously referred to by various

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in American Journal of Veterinary Research