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Calcium oxalate urolith formation occurs when urine is supersaturated with calcium and oxalate. 1 Hypercalciuria has not been well-defined in normocalcemic cats with calcium oxalate uroliths but may occur. Metabolic acidosis promotes

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in American Journal of Veterinary Research

abdominal radiography. Cats were excluded from the study if they had received glucocorticoids or calcium-supplement-type nutritional products within the 2 years preceding the study. Cats lived with their owners, except during two 72-hour periods for urine

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in American Journal of Veterinary Research

-base disturbance with sodium bicarbonate should be carried out with caution because the increase in blood pH will cause more calcium to bind to negatively charged proteins, which may further decrease the concentration of its ionized form. 2 Administration of PSS

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in American Journal of Veterinary Research

type of crystals in sediment 2+ struvite (1) 2+ struvite (1) 3+ struvite (1) 3+ struvite (1) Rare struvite (2) None (6)   1+ calcium oxalate (1) Rare struvite (2) 1+ struvite (2) 2+ struvite (1) MAP and calcium oxalate (1

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in American Journal of Veterinary Research

physical examination, a CBC, serum biochemical analysis, urinalysis, and heartworm tests. The CBCs were performed with an automated analyzer. a Serum biochemical analyses, including measurement of sodium, potassium, calcium, phosphorus, total protein

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in American Journal of Veterinary Research

inulin concentration in canine serum in the in vitro additive experiments. Serum BUN, creatinine, calcium, and inorganic phosphate concentrations were measured with the autoanalyzer f on the same days that GFR was estimated. Urine creatinine and protein

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in American Journal of Veterinary Research

were provided ad libitum access to water and were fed a canned feline maintenance diet b throughout the study, which contained approximately 0.47% phosphorus, 0.50% calcium, 0.12% sodium, and 76% moisture on an as-fed basis. The cats were offered a

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in American Journal of Veterinary Research

amlodipine for hypertension at the time of inclusion in the study. The effect of an angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor and a calcium-channel blocker administered concurrently with tepoxalin may have caused a decrease in renal perfusion. No change in GFR

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in American Journal of Veterinary Research

biochemical analyses included evaluations of sodium, potassium, chloride, total carbon dioxide, BUN, creatinine, phosphorus, glucose, calcium, total protein, albumin, globulin, cholesterol, and total bilirubin concentrations; alkaline phosphatase, alanine

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in American Journal of Veterinary Research

urolithiasis in companion animals. ABBREVIATIONS CaOx Calcium oxalate MAP Magnesium ammonium phosphate (struvite) Urate Ammonium acid urate a. Runge JJ, Berent AC, Weisse CW, et al. Keyhole transvesicular cystourethroscopy for the

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in American Journal of Veterinary Research