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(fibrin polymerization inhibitor) and calcium chloride (2.5mM). Platelets (5 × 10 5 ) were exposed to the strains of EHV-1 at 1 plaque forming unit/cell or to a positive control substance (mixture of thrombin n [0.15 U/mL] and convulxin° [0.05 μg/mL]) or

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in American Journal of Veterinary Research

.2), porcine animal fat preserved with butylated hydroxyanisole (62.1), fish meal (58.1), soybean oil (50), dicalcium phosphate (15.8), potassium chloride (8.5), sodium chloride (5.8), phosphoric acid (4.7), calcium carbonate (3.1), choline chloride (2

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in American Journal of Veterinary Research

, and the respiratory burst. 11 Exposure of PMNs to propionate induces intracellular calcium release in a manner similar to stimulation by chemotactic factors. 12 Acetate, propionate, and butyrate are potential agonists for G-protein receptors

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in American Journal of Veterinary Research

.10% crude protein, 3.70% crude fiber, 0.78% calcium, 0.52% phosphorous, and 3.50% fat. A subsample of feed was obtained prior to PEDV inoculation and confirmed to have negative results for PEDV RNA by use of a RT-qPCR assay performed at the Kansas State

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in American Journal of Veterinary Research

-α, IL-1, IL-12, calcium ionophores, MAPK-p38, and MAPK ERK . 12,15 This activation process requires sequential phosphorylation, ubiquitination (attachment of a regulatory molecule [ubiquitin]), and degradation of Iκβ. Many stimuli initiate activation of

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in American Journal of Veterinary Research

CL Hutcheson DP Grainger RB , et al. Serum copper, zinc, calcium, and phosphorus concentrations of calves stressed by bovine respiratory disease and infectious bovine rhinotracheitis . J Anim Sci 1990 ; 68 : 2893 – 2900 . 10

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in American Journal of Veterinary Research

–33   CK (U/L) 129 (43–1,245) 49 198 (78–1,006) 99 120–470   Glucose (mg/dL) 128 (67–170) 49 118 (53–278) 98 65–110   Calcium (mg/dL) 11.4 (9.6–13.6) 49 11.8 (8.4–13.7) 99 11.5–14.2   BUN (mg/dL) 13 (9

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in American Journal of Veterinary Research

. Predictability of oxytetracycline activity in purulent material is difficult because although tetracyclines have been shown to bind to divalent cations such as calcium and magnesium, the concentrations of these cations produced by CPT are unknown. 7–9 Primary

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in American Journal of Veterinary Research

an ear), 1 mouse was inoculated by the IP route through the left inguinal region, and 1 mouse was inoculated by topical application of calcium thioglycolate c (an irritant) on the dorsal aspect of the lumbar region, which was subsequently followed by

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in American Journal of Veterinary Research

temperature. The leukocytes were immediately washed 2 times with cold HBSS e without calcium and magnesium. Neutrophils that were obtained were diluted in cold HBSS, counted by use of a hemocytometer, and stored on ice pending the oxidative burst activity

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in American Journal of Veterinary Research