Search Results

You are looking at 1 - 5 of 5 items for :

  • "antimicrobial susceptibility testing" x
  • Special Report x
  • Refine by Access: All Content x
Clear All

Abstract

Objective—To describe antimicrobial susceptibility testing practices of veterinary diagnostic laboratories in the United States and evaluate the feasibility of collating this information for the purpose of monitoring antimicrobial resistance in bacterial isolates from animals.

Design—Cross-sectional study.

Procedures—A questionnaire was mailed to veterinary diagnostic laboratories throughout the United States to identify those laboratories that conduct susceptibility testing. Nonrespondent laboratories were followed up through telephone contact and additional mailings. Data were gathered regarding methods of susceptibility testing, standardization of methods, data management, and types of isolates tested.

Results—Eighty-six of 113 (76%) laboratories responded to the survey, and 64 of the 86 (74%) routinely performed susceptibility testing on bacterial isolates from animals. Thirty-four of the 36 (94%) laboratories accredited by the American Association of Veterinary Laboratory Diagnosticians responded to the survey. Laboratories reported testing > 160,000 bacterial isolates/y. Fifty-one (88%) laboratories reported using the Kirby-Bauer disk diffusion test to evaluate antimicrobial susceptibility; this accounted for 65% of the isolates tested. Most (87%) laboratories used the NCCLS (National Committee for Clinical Laboratory Standards) documents for test interpretation. Seventy-five percent of the laboratories performed susceptibility testing on bacterial isolates only when they were potential pathogens.

Conclusions—The veterinary diagnostic laboratories represent a comprehensive source of data that is not easily accessible in the United States. Variability in testing methods and data storage would present challenges for data aggregation, summary, and interpretation. (J Am Vet Med Assoc 2003;222:168–173)

Full access
in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
Authors and

with patient AST results and retrieving suppressed resistance data from the microbiology laboratory system. ABBREVIATIONS APCP Academic primary care practice AST Antimicrobial susceptibility testing CFU Colony-forming unit CLSI Clinical

Full access
in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

promoting antimicrobial stewardship that have been successful in human medicine. Microbial culture and antimicrobial susceptibility testing plays an important role in antimicrobial stewardship, 42,43 and its use is recommended to combat inappropriate

Full access
in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

, respondents were asked to rate the importance (1 = very important; 5 = not important) of 12 factors in their decision-making process ( Table 3 ). Factors rated as most important included results of bacteriologic culture and antimicrobial susceptibility testing

Full access
in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

unrestricted use, selective use, and protected use. Antimicrobials categorized as selective use should not be used as empirical or first-line treatment and should only be used when results of bacterial culture and antimicrobial susceptibility testing indicate

Full access
in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association