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fatty acids compete for the same metabolic enzymes in the body. Competition exists for chain elongation and desaturation of LA and ALA to 20-carbon eicosanoid precursors. Activation of membrane phospholipases initiates a metabolic cascade in which both n

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
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these enzymes. The effect of fish oil on the expression of MMP activities, tissue inhibitors of MMP-2, and urokinase plasminogen activator in synovial fluid obtained from dogs with acute injury to a cranial cruciate ligament has been investigated. 45

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vitamin D receptor much more readily (approx 500 times as readily) than does vitamin D 3 or 25(OH)D. 8 This activation of 1,25(OH) 2 D occurs predominately in the kidneys; however, it also occurs in other tissues that express 1α-hydroxylase. Although the

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

hydroquinone and activation of coagulation factors. That report 42 included administration of 5 mg of vitamin K 1 /d to a Devon Rex kitten, 5 mg of vitamin K 1 /d to an adult Devon Rex that was then maintained by long-term administration of 10 mg of vitamin K

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

appetite. 7 Leptin inhibits neuro-transmitters that increase food intake and lower energy expenditure and activates neurons that suppress appetite and increase energy expenditure. 8,9 As a result, leptin reduces appetite and increases energy expenditure

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

experimentally induced sympathetic activation . BMC Vet Res 2017 ; 13 : 1 – 6 . 18. Bednar GE Patil AR Murray SM , et al. Starch and fiber fractions in selected food and feed ingredients affect their small intestinal digestibility and

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

synthesis, which is important when serum or plasma samples are used because there is likely some degree of platelet activation. 22 Isoprostanes form when ROS attack arachidonic acid on cell membranes. 23 Isoprostanes are produced in vivo independently of

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significant improvement in visual performance for those in the high–fish oil group, with a superior rod response (response strength). In addition, shorter overall response times, an improvement in response to dim light, and greater neural cascade activation

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

-containing phospholipids optimally promote rhodopsin activation . In: Riemersma RA Armstrong R Kelly RW , et al , eds. Essential fatty acids and eicosanoids . Champaign, Ill : AOCS Press , 1998 ; 154 – 158 . 31

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

TE . The ketogenic diet; fatty acids, fatty acid-activated receptors and neurological disorders . Prostaglandins Leukot Essent Fatty Acids 2004 ; 70 : 253 – 264 . 10.1016/j.plefa.2003.09.008 6. Eagles DA . Design of dietary treatment

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association