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, and respiratory depression 9 resulting from activation of α 2 -adrenergic receptors. 2 Topical moxidectin formulations are labeled for treatment of generalized demodicosis in dogs in other countries such as Serbia, Albania, France, and Germany, but

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

related to inadequate nutrition (n = 5), followed by exposure to activated carbon (used for water treatment; 3), infectious agents (3), and poor water quality (2). Six records addressed the treatment of LLD, with 2 (33%) classified as high-quality level 1

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

activate the production of IgE and to activate eosinophils; T H 2 cells can be coopted for the mediation of allergic disease. The T H 17 cells are critical for neutrophil effector function, and this cell subset is believed to protect against extracellular

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

cascade involving the JAK-STAT (Janus kinase signal transducers and activators of transcription) pathway. 10 The liver contains abundant GH receptors, and several other peripheral tissues, including muscle and fat, express modest amounts of GH receptors

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in American Journal of Veterinary Research

cartilage is a cellular response to activation by proinflammatory stimuli and an important component in the pathogenesis of arthritis. Osteoarthritic cartilage produces more prostaglandin E 2 than nonarthritic cartilage, 127 and the synovium produces COX-2

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in American Journal of Veterinary Research

lactation. 59 Moreover, the percentages of CD4+ T cells and CD4+CD26+ T cells (ie, activated CD4+ T cells) and the ratio of CD4+ to CD8+ T cells in the colostrum of primiparous cows are significantly less than those of multiparous (> 3 lactations) cows

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
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, and Microseira † Dermatoxin Lyngbyatoxin-a Protein kinase C activation and inflammatory agent Dermatitis Lyngbya and Oscillatoria Aplysiatoxin Protein kinase C activation and inflammatory agent Dermatitis Lyngbya and

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

prior to departure Prevents the release of norepinephrine by activating α2 receptors on the synaptic neurons in the locus coeruleus and thereby decreases sympathetic overflow to multiple peripheral organ systems as an acute stress response Sedation

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

. Remarkable activation of the complement system and aberrant neuronal localization of the membrane attack complex in the brain tissues of scrapie-infected rodents . Mol Neurobiol 2015 ; 52 : 1165 – 1179 . 10.1007/s12035-014-8915-2 146. Blanquet

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in American Journal of Veterinary Research