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Summary

Medical records of 23 dogs with unilateral and 3 dogs with bilateral chronic bicipital tenosynovitis were reviewed. Mean age of affected dogs was 4.6 years (SD, 2.0 years), and mean body weight was 32.6 kg (SD, 14.5 kg). Neither a breed nor a gender predilection was detected. All dogs had a history of intermittent or progressive weight-bearing lameness that became worse after exercise. Mean duration of lameness prior to medical or surgical treatment was 6.5 months (range, 0.25 to 24 months), in all dogs, signs of pain were evident during palpation of the biceps tendon within the intertubercular groove. Radiography revealed sclerosis or osteophytosis of the intertubercular groove in all 29 shoulder joints. Mild degenerative joint disease was evident rudiographicully in 17. Arthrography was performed in 12 joints, and in 11 there were irregularities of or filling defects along the biceps tendon. Arthrocentesis was performed on 17 joints; 14 synovial fluid samples had cytologic abnormalities consistent with degenerative joint disease.

Medical treatment, consisting of injection of methylprcdnisolone acetate into the biceps tendon and its synovial sheath, was attempted in 21 of the 29 affected shoulder joints. Surgery, which consisted of tenodesis of the biceps tendon, was attempted in 14 joints; S of these had not been treated medically; the remaining 6 had poor results following medical treatment.

Gross and histologic findings consistent with chrome bicipital tenosynovitis were observed in all 14 joints in which surgery was performed. Seventeen of the medically treated shoulders were available for clinical evaluation, and results were excellent or good in 7. Twelve of the surgically treated shoulders were available for clinical re-evaluation, and results were excellent or good in all 12 (mean duration of follow-up, 5.7 months; range, 2 to 13 months). Owners of all dogs were contacted by telephone. Owners reported that results were excellent or good in 1.0 of the 21 medically treated shoulder joints, and in ail 14 of the, surgically treated shoulder joints (mean duration of follow-up, 30.1 months; range, 4 to 82 months).

Complications developed in 3 of the 4 dogs in which an osteotomy of the greater tubercle had been performed (implant migration, 2 dogs; delayed union, 1 dog). A seroma developed in 1 of the 10 dogs in which tenodesis was performed by laterally transposing the biceps tendon through a hole in the greater tubercle. Complications related to medical treatment were not detected.

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

sneezed frequently and periodically breathed with its mouth open. The owner reported that blood was occasionally seen coming from the left naris and that the cat's appetite had decreased. Treatment with antimicrobials, anti-inflammatory medications, and

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

in favor of renewing user fee programs for new and generic animal drugs See page 1036 What Is Your Diagnosis? See page 1059 Pathology in Practice See pages 1063, 1067 Small Animals The Canine Owner-Reported

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

with the owners. Owners were asked to provide their best estimate for age of onset, duration, and frequency of bouts on the basis of their history of living with the dog. When owners reported that they denied their dog access to sucking materials, their

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

) but not of practice score (β = 0.09; P = .34). Owner survey The majority (68/81 [84.0%]) of owners reported that their pets that participated in this study live primarily indoors, while some (12/81 [14.8%]) reported that their pets spend

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

History An 8-year-old 46.2-kg (101.6-lb) spayed female German Shepherd Dog was referred for evaluation because of an inability to open its mouth (trismus) and signs of pain on manipulation of the mouth. The owner reported that 1 month earlier

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

occasional departures of 3 to 4 hours' duration. The dog's owners reported that it assimilated easily into their household, was easy to housetrain, and was generally mild mannered and affiliative toward them and the other animals in the home. Prior to 3 years

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cats; the owners were made aware of this, and information 6 regarding the efficacy and safety of the drug was discussed. Follow-up Two weeks after the initial behavioral consultation, the female owner reported that the patient seemed to be

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

report believed the effects of memantine to be relatively acute, a period of 3 to 5 days at a particular dosage was considered sufficient to see drug-related behavioral changes. Dosage changes were made according to the owner's reports of the drug

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

sites had healed. The owner reported that the dog still had some upper respiratory noises but was no longer sneezing. In addition, the owner reported that there had been no evidence of nasal discharge and no additional episodes of difficulty breathing

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association