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  • Ovarian torsion should be included as a differential diagnosis for acute signs of abdominal pain in fillies, particularly when abnormalities of the gastrointestinal tract are not evident during laparotomy.

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

enlarged left kidney (approx 4.5 cm), and a pain response was elicited during renal palpation. A healed 1-cm laparotomy scar was visible on the caudal ventral abdominal midline. No other abnormalities were detected during physical examination. A blood

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

, full-thickness samples of the intestinal wall were collected during routine surgery for correction of CDD. Surgery was performed in accordance with an established method by use of laparotomy via the right flank with the cows in a standing position

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in American Journal of Veterinary Research

for study inclusion if they underwent a laparotomy and septic peritonitis was confirmed on the basis of identification of intracellular bacteria during cytologic evaluation or bacterial growth during bacteriologic culture of abdominal effusion fluid

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

, abomasopexy or omentopexy via laparotomy or laparoscopy, and percutaneous abomasopexy (such as the R&T procedure). 2 Originally used as a salvage procedure, the R&T technique for correction of LDAs has been found to have outcomes similar to those for

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

urinate and defecate, occasional hematochezia, and intermittent rectal prolapse. Notice the cystic and ureteral calculi. Given the concern for a urinary obstruction, the ferret was anesthetized for exploratory laparotomy. A ventral cystotomy was

Open access
in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

segment invaginating into an adjoining portion of the gastrointestinal tract was considered consistent with intussusception. In all cats that underwent exploratory surgery, a ventral midline laparotomy with routine examination of the gastrointestinal

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

healthy (control) cows were allocated into 2 groups (group 2, biopsy specimens of the intestinal wall collected during laparotomy; group 3, specimens of the intestinal wall collected after slaughter). Informed consent was obtained for all client-owned cows

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in American Journal of Veterinary Research

hair, and ventral midline laparotomy was performed. Intestinal segments were exteriorized and placed on surgical drapes during measurements. Spectrophotometric measurements were obtained on the small intestine (middle part of the jejunum) and on the

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in American Journal of Veterinary Research

metabolism, increasing hepatic glucose production, and impairing insulin secretion. In addition, exploratory abdominal surgery and potentially a partial pancreatectomy were recommended. With the patient under general anesthesia, a laparotomy was performed

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association