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. 4 The most likely cause of the muffled heart and lung sounds, given the peripheral edema, was pleural effusion. The high γ-glutamyltransferase activity was consistent with cholestasis, and differential diagnoses for cholestasis that were considered

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

limits. Thoracic ultrasonography indicated pericardial effusion with a 3.8 × 3.3-cm pedunculated mass attached to the right auricle. Abdominal ultrasonography revealed congestion of the liver with dilatation of the hepatic veins and ascites

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

and compared with reference values reported elsewhere. 3 A large amount of anechoic fluid was visible between the heart and liver, which was consistent with coelomic effusion. Marked distention of the hepatic venous system was also detected, which was

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

respective reference ranges. Thoracic radiographs (right lateral and ventrodorsal views) provided by the referring veterinarian revealed a mild pneumothorax in the left hemithorax, a moderate amount of pleural effusion in the right hemithorax, and severe

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

pancreatic parenchyma, pancreatic enlargement, hyperechoic mesentery, and peritoneal effusion. For each evaluation, a cat was assigned 1 point for each abnormality that was present, and a cumulative score ≥ 3 was considered suggestive of traumatic

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

of the carpal regions, lameness examination, assessment of the response to flexion of the carpal joints, and analysis of synovial effusion were performed to ensure that all variables were within reference limits. The authors have had considerable

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in American Journal of Veterinary Research

review of the images or imaging reports, the dog was excluded from the study. Data collected included severity of any abdominal effusion; diameter and number of splenic masses; severity of any splenic mass inhomogeneity; presence of 0, 1, or ≥ 2 liver

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

signs consistent with pleural effusion). Figure 1— Lateral (A) and ventrodorsal (B) radiographic views of portions of the thorax and abdomen of a 3-year-old Yorkshire Terrier with a 3-day history of vomiting, hyporexia, and lethargy after suspected

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

effusion. Surgery reports prepared by a board-certified veterinary surgeon or surgical resident were also reviewed to determine the ureter affected and the cause and location of ureteral obstruction as well as the type of surgical procedure performed

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

amount of swelling was detected around the joint and digital sheath. Ultrasonography of the right metacarpal area revealed hypoechoic areas in the right digital sheath and metacarpophalangeal joint consistent with synovial effusion. Radiography of the

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association