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duration or reliability of mydriasis in several psittacine species in 1 study. 4 Topical ocular administration of NMBAs may eliminate the need for general anesthesia but is not completely without risk; alcuronium chloride caused temporary complete

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

cholesterol concentrations were high ( Table 1 ) . It was recommended that the patient be fed a more balanced diet for psittacines and that the seeds, eggs, and fish be removed from the diet. The owner was instructed to feed a commercially available pelleted

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

in birds with oviductal prolapse. 2 Mycobacterium genavense , a type of slow growing mycobacterium derived from soil, is the most common isolated agent among mycobacterioses in passerines and psittacines kept in captivity. 4 Most birds infected

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

traumatic or surgical pain. 9 Historically, studies 2 , 3 have supported the use of κ-agonist and µ-antagonist drugs, such as nalbuphine or butorphanol, for analgesia in psittacine species. Endogenous opioid peptides, such as β-endorphin, methionine

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in American Journal of Veterinary Research

staining protocol, and compare the percentages of reticulocyte types with polychromatophil percentage in blood samples from birds. Additionally, determination of a reference interval for polychromatophils in psittacines was undertaken. Materials and

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in American Journal of Veterinary Research

suggests that at least 1 spiral bacteria isolate found in a cockatiel may be a member of the genus Helicobacter . 3 To our knowledge, there is only a single published report of Helicobacter infection in psittacine birds other than cockatiels. In that

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

development include advanced age and high-energy/high-fat diets. 1 Female psittacines have been shown to be more susceptible as well, especially reproductively active individuals, presumably due to the effects of estrogen on protein metabolism. Higher levels

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

SE Adams WM Johnson PJ , et al. Prognostic accuracy of the proventriculus: keel ratio for short-term survival in psittacines with proventricular disease . Vet Radiol Ultrasound 2009 ; 50 : 483 – 486 . 10.1111/j.1740-8261.2009.01582.x 5

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

Cardiovascular diseases are common in avian species. 1–5 Among these diseases, atherosclerosis is highly prevalent in aging parrots such as African grey parrots ( Psittacus erithacus ) and Amazon parrots ( Amazona spp). 2,6–10 Psittacine

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in American Journal of Veterinary Research

cysts in two psittacine species . J Zoo Wildl Med 2004 ; 2 : 185 – 196 . 6. Schmidt RE Reavill DR Phalen DN . Pathology of pet and aviary birds . Ames, Iowa : Iowa State Press , 2003 ; 154 .

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association