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Pericardial effusion in dogs can be idiopathic or result from a heart base tumor, right atrial tumor, and mesothelioma. 1–4 Other causes include bacterial pericarditis, cardiac disease, coagulation disorders, or uremic pericarditis. 5 Cardiac

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

, cardiomegaly, myocardial, arrhythmia, myocarditis, pericardial, arteriosclerosis, atherosclerosis, stenosis, valvular, mitral, tricuspid, aortic, pleural effusion, edema, ascites, congestive, and heart failure. Rabbits were included in the study if a cardiac

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

Osteochondritis dissecans of the TCJ is common in young horses. Although this condition can result in clinical signs of joint inflammation 1 (eg, joint effusion and lameness), some affected horses do not develop clinical signs. Histologic

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in American Journal of Veterinary Research

degree of any pericardial effusion. 3,9–11 Echocardiographic procedures are strongly operator dependent and are useless for detection of pulmonary metastases. 11 Transesophageal echocardiography can overcome some limitations of TTE because of the

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

remarkable incidental echocardiographic finding in a snake is pericardial effusion. 15 Whether pericardial effusion is a potentially physiologic sequel to the postprandial change of cardiac size or of pathological origin has not been clarified. The purpose

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in American Journal of Veterinary Research

pneumothorax and pleural effusion. Because there was no clinical improvement in the condition of the dog and the owner could not afford an additional thoracotomy procedure for locating and sealing the site or sites of air leakage from the lungs, blood

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

effusion and osteoarthrosis can easily be detected. 15 , b However, the role of ultrasonography in the diagnosis of fragmentation of the medial coronoid process in dogs remains uncertain. The purpose of the study reported here, therefore, was to determine

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

examination revealed moderate effusion of the right medial femorotibial joint and mild effusion of the right femoropatellar joint. Lameness examination revealed grade 3/5 lameness of the right hind limb, 1 which did not change or become exacerbated when the

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

glycosaminoglycan i (1 mg/kg [0.45 mg/lb], IM, q 96 h) was administered for 7 treatments after surgery. At the 30-day reexamination, the filly was able to walk soundly but maintained a shortened cranial phase of stride at the trot. The degree of palpable effusion

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

synovial effusion), radiographic, gross, macroscopic, histologic, immunologic, and biochemical outcome measures. Our hypothesis was that the outcome of horses treated with PPS would be more favorable than that of control horses. Materials and Methods

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in American Journal of Veterinary Research