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has been described in bearded dragons ( Pogona vitticeps ). 6 , 10 Neuraxial administration of lidocaine and bupivacaine resulted in motor and sensory blockade of the pelvic limbs, cloaca, and midcaudal trunk, with minimal adverse effects. 6 , 10

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in American Journal of Veterinary Research

of local anesthetic toxicosis observed because of its lipid content. Propofol administration has been reported 26,27 to delay the onset of signs of cardiovascular depression in rats treated with bupivacaine but not in piglets. 26,27 Treatment of

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

rats 22 and dogs 23 with bupivacaine-induced CPA, the administration of ILE increased the total LD 50 in rodents and improved overall survival rate in dogs. In the study 23 of anesthetized dogs with CPA induced with bupivacaine (10 mg/kg [4.5 mg

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

WBC count, neutrophil percentage, and TP concentration, 4 and intra-articular injection of bupivacaine and lidocaine causes an increase in the SF concentrations of 2 biomarkers of cartilage matrix synthesis, which is suggestive of an anabolic effect

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in American Journal of Veterinary Research

chemical structure to bupivacaine that produces fewer systemic adverse effects at equivalent doses in dogs. 13,14 Its potency, time to onset of effect, and duration of effect are similar to those of bupivacaine. Properties of ropivacaine include high lipid

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

can have a prolonged duration of sensory and motor blockade, resulting in goats being unable to stand for up to 3 hours for lidocaine 8 and 11 hours for bupivacaine. 9 In small ruminants, the subarachnoid space is easily accessed at the lumbosacral

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

aspiration to rule out intravascular drug administration, bupivacaine hydrochloride 0.5% (0.30 mL/kg [0.14 mL/lb]) was injected through the stimulation needle e used with a peripheral nerve stimulator. f During surgery, minimal variation was noticed in the

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

, bupivacaine, and morphine) substantially improves control of postoperative pain. 4–6 Activation of muscarinic receptors located in the spinal cord is the mechanism probably responsible for analgesia induced by cholinomimetic agents such as neostigmine. 7

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in American Journal of Veterinary Research

methods, results of those that have been published support more widespread adoption of alternative teaching methods in biomedical education. S EE PAGE 37 ORIGINAL STUDY Use of epidural bupivacaine-opioid combinations in dogs undergoing

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

condition was heritable. Segregation analysis predicted that there was a major gene effect with a recessive pattern of inheritance. Buprenorphine alone or with bupivacaine in cats undergoing onychectomy 65 Use of systemic analgesia in combination with

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association