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Bronchoalveolar lavage fluid samples were collected as described. 22 Briefly, a sterile 36-inch flexible 10F catheter d with a 3-mL balloon cuff was used to collect BALF samples from preweaned calves, and a sterile 59-inch flexible 24F catheter d with a 30-mL

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in American Journal of Veterinary Research

, the mean ΔPpl max was obtained for 10 to 15 breaths. Each horse was then sedated by administration of xylazine hydrochloride d (0.6 mg/kg, IV), and bronchoalveolar lavage was performed with approximately 300 mL of warm (37°C) sterile saline (0

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in American Journal of Veterinary Research

exacerbations, and horses with fungal particles in their tracheal aspirates are more likely to be diagnosed with equine asthma than those without fungi in their trachea. 4 However, fungal spores have been observed in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) from

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in American Journal of Veterinary Research

-diameter video endoscope b was used for transendoscopic collection of TA, as described elsewhere. 23 Immediately after TA collection was completed, bronchoalveolar lavage was performed, as described elsewhere. 23 A solution of 1% mepivacaine (40 mL for horses

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in American Journal of Veterinary Research

gas analysis, endoscopy, and cytologic evaluation of bronchoalveolar lavage fluid. Bronchoalveolar lavage was performed with a 300-cm silicone bronchoalveolar lavage catheter a and 500 mL of warmed PBS solution, b which was infused and immediately

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in American Journal of Veterinary Research

inflammation. These findings should pave the way toward in vivo experiments to test the effects of fully oxidized β-carotene in feedlot cattle. ABBREVIATIONS BAL Bronchoalveolar lavage EBTr Bovine embryonic tracheal FITC Fluorescein

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in American Journal of Veterinary Research
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biomarkers, cytokines, acute-phase proteins (APP), and biochemical parameters involved in the pathogenesis of pneumonia have been investigated as diagnostic or prognostic markers in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) and serum or plasma in human and

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in American Journal of Veterinary Research

, horses were sedated by IV administration of a combination of xylazine hydrochloride (0.5 mg/kg) and butorphanol tartrate (0.025 mg/kg) and bronchoalveolar lavage was performed by use of a cuffed tube and 240 mL of warmed Hanks' phosphate-buffered saline

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in American Journal of Veterinary Research

, Calgary, AB, Canada, July 2013; and the American College of Veterinary Internal Medicine Forum, Seattle, June 2014. ABBREVIATIONS BAL Bronchoalveolar lavage IAD Inflammatory airway disease RAO Recurrent airway obstruction Footnotes

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in American Journal of Veterinary Research

in oxygen; bronchoscopy with a 1-m flexible endoscope and a bronchoalveolar lavage were performed. The only abnormalities noted on bronchoscopy were changes in the distal trachea similar to those observed in the larynx and surrounding pharyngeal

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association