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Airborne transmission of viral and bacterial pathogens has not been adequately addressed in disinfection protocols in animal facilities, 1 and respiratory pathogens pose a considerable threat to the health of companion animals in these facilities

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

secretions can have protective effects against viral respiratory infections was first determined in the 1930s with influenza virus in humans. 4 Similarly, interest and research in the IN application of vaccines to induce local immune responses to protect

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

, nonpainful procedures such as obtaining radiographs. 1–5 The avian respiratory system has separate ventilatory and gas-exchange compartments, making it a highly efficient system, compared with that of mammals. 3,6 Avian ventilatory components consist of

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in American Journal of Veterinary Research

Porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome was first recognized in the United States in the late 1980s 1 when veterinary practitioners noted the appearance of a previously unrecognized disease in US swine herds. 2 Infection with PRRS virus

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in American Journal of Veterinary Research

the basis of a combination of typical clinical signs together with appropriate tests. Clinical findings at physical examination that raise the suspicion of CHF include exercise intolerance, weakness, labored breathing, cough, cyanosis, respiratory

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

Bovine respiratory disease complex is the most common and expensive disease of feedlot cattle in the United States, 1–3 accounting for approximately 50% of the morbidity rate and > 75% of deaths. 4 It has been estimated that BRDC results in

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in American Journal of Veterinary Research

Introduction Bovine respiratory disease complex is the most common cause of illness and death of feedlot cattle. In 2011, the National Animal Health Monitoring System reported that 16.2% of cattle on feedlots with a capacity of ≥ 1,000 head

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in American Journal of Veterinary Research

Porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome continues to have a devastating economic impact on the swine industry in the United States. 1 In the past few years, swine producers and veterinarians have attempted to ameliorate the clinical effects

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

wounds and from infections of the urogenital tract and lower respiratory tract of fetuses, foals, and adults. 7–12 The organism is an opportunistic pathogen and is commensal for horses, causing infection following injury, compromise of normal urogenital

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
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Interpreting results of bacterial culture of samples from cats with URT or LRT disease can be challenging because bacteria can often be recovered from samples from both healthy and sick cats. 1,2 Bacteria considered to be primary respiratory

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association