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History A 5-month-old 12.5-kg (27.5-lb) castrated male mixed-breed dog was evaluated because of dyspnea of 3.5 months' duration. Bronchitis had been diagnosed in the dog when it was 5.5 weeks old. A heart murmur was detected at that time. The

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

, with a body condition score of 5 of 9, a body weight of 35.5 kg (78.1 lb), and no signs of systemic disease apart from the heart murmur. Characteristics of the heart murmur were unchanged, compared with historical data. Results of routine

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

, presence of a heart murmur and/or other cardiac disease, data from echocardiogram and ECG reports if performed or available, and other complications) and long-term follow-up information (recheck echocardiogram and ECG reports, presence of persistent

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

interpretation. Auscultation, however, remains the primary diagnostic tool for the interpretation of heart murmurs, and it is essential for making decisions about referring patients for echocardiography. 1,2 Congenital or acquired heart disease can contribute to

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

echocardiography. Among all cats with CHF, 11 (29%) were female and 27 (71%) were male. Of the 17 cats without evidence of heart disease, 9 had heart murmurs and 8 did not. Of the 50 cats with heart disease, 22 (44%) had heart murmurs and 28 (56%) did not

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

available for review at the time of referral. The cat was otherwise active with a good appetite and had a history of polydipsia, mild weight loss, and occasional vomiting. On physical examination, the cat had a grade 3/6 heart murmur and was of thin body

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

panting at rest. An intermittent grade 3/6 left apical holosystolic heart murmur was ausculted with an irregularly irregular rhythm that included brief periods of rapid tachycardia exceeding 200 beats/min. Electrocardiography was performed. ECG

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

included a soft heart murmur and hyperthyroidism that was well managed with methimazole administered PO. On presentation, the patient was < 5% dehydrated, had a grade 1 to 2/6 heart murmur, and had an abdominal fluid wave. Diagnostic Findings and

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

were noted. A grade 4/6 left apical systolic heart murmur with a regular rhythm, and rate of 120 beats/min was auscultated. Femoral pulses were fair, symmetric, and synchronous, and the extremities were mildly cold. Abnormalities on the CBC analyses

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

patient age, body weight, heart rate, respiratory rate, rectal temperature, and presence or absence of heart murmur on cardiac auscultation. Owners were also asked to list any medications that had been prescribed previously for cough. Two- or 3-view

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association