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, healthy to clinically unimportant signs of gastrointestinal disease; 4 to 5, mild signs of gastrointestinal disease; 6 to 8, moderately severe signs of gastrointestinal disease; and ≥ 9, severe signs of gastrointestinal disease. Owners signed an informed

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in American Journal of Veterinary Research

could provide a minimally stressful and objective technique for assessing gastrointestinal activity in rabbits and has potential as an additional diagnostic technique for differentiating between obstructive and nonobstructive gastrointestinal disease. At

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in American Journal of Veterinary Research

of vomiting, with vomitus containing partially digested food and saliva. The patient did not have a previous history of dietary changes but was reported to occasionally chew the carpet. There was no previous history of gastrointestinal disease. The

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

which chronic waxing and waning gastrointestinal signs and lethargy are often reported. 4 , 7 The spectrum of clinical features of HA overlap with the clinical features of cardiovascular, urinary, and gastrointestinal diseases. 1 , 4 , 8 As such

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

-MS-5989 3. Pennick DG Nyland TG Kerr LY , et al. Ultrasonographic evaluation of gastrointestinal disease in small animals . Vet Radiol 1990 ; 31 : 134 – 141 . 10.1111/j.1740-8261.1990.tb01852.x 4. Grooters AM Biller DS Ward

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

vomiting, vocalization, and a small amount of diarrhea when the cat was straining in the litter box. The cat did not have a previous history of urinary tract disease or gastrointestinal disease and was eating and drinking normally. Physical examination

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

testing, and no previous history existed of gastrointestinal disease. The alpacas weighed from 43 to 94 kg (94.6 to 206.8 lb; median, 81.8 kg [180.0 lb]) and consisted of 1 sexually intact female, 5 neutered males and 1 sexually intact male. The llamas

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

considered a stable metabolite of histamine, and measurement of NMH concentration has been proposed as a method of assessing histamine release in vivo. 4 Diagnosis of gastrointestinal disease is often hampered by the inaccessibility of the gastrointestinal

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in American Journal of Veterinary Research

Peritoneal fluid analysis has been used in many species to diagnose abdominal disorders, including gastrointestinal diseases, uterine diseases, bacterial infections, splenic or hepatic torsion or rupture, urinary tract leakage, neoplasia, and

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

, or mixed breed. Reasons that horses were offered for donation were categorized as behavioral issues, neoplasia, gastrointestinal disease, musculoskeletal disease (including undiagnosed lameness), neurologic disease, reproductive disease, respiratory

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association