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Ringer's solution c (5.0 mL/kg/h [2.3 mL/lb/h]). Despite treatment, the clinical status of the dog deteriorated, which was typified by orthopnea, dyspnea, and marked discomfort. Thus, exploratory celiotomy with herniorrhaphy was initiated approximately 3

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

was suspected. Exploratory celiotomy was recommended and conducted with the owner's consent. A CBC and serum biochemical analysis prior to the celiotomy indicated mild hypoproteinemia (4.5 g/dL) with mild hypoalbuminemia (2.6 g/dL) and mild

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

. The protocol was approved by the Institutional Animal Care and Use Committee. Criteria for inclusion were as follows: confirmation of partial or complete EHBO by means of exploratory celiotomy and having a complete medical record to the time of

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

anesthetized and the abdominal cavity was accessed via median celiotomy to locate the CVC. An 18-gauge IV catheter was placed caudal to the left and right renal veins to insert a 0.035-mm-diameter hydrophilic guidewire f into the CVC. When trying to advance

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

days after imaging studies, exploratory celiotomy was performed. By use of general anesthesia with isoflurane, each dog was positioned in dorsal recumbency and the ventral portion of the abdomen was aseptically prepared for surgery. A midline abdominal

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

present, the urinary bladder was either closed off or infused with saline to moderately distend it. A short (approx 3 cm) ventral midline caudal celiotomy overlying the body of the urinary bladder was approached with electrosurgery. The abdominal wall was

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ventral midline celiotomy were enrolled in the study after informed written consent was obtained from the owners. The dogs ranged in body weight from 15 to 35 kg and BCS from 3 to 7 on a scale 8 of 1 to 9. Dogs with a history of respiratory tract or

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in American Journal of Veterinary Research

-guided percutaneous aspirate, exploratory celiotomy or postmortem examination. Cytologic analysis of the sample will confirm the diagnosis of abscess, and microbiologic culture and susceptibility testing can be used to direct therapeutic efforts. Treatment of horses

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

(0.7 mg/kg, IV, q 12 h). The cat remained anuric. At this time, exploratory celiotomy was recommended. Urogenital ultrasonography was repeated to better characterize the ureteral injury and for surgical planning purposes. Findings were similar to

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

of healthy horses and that one of the prokinetic actions of erythromycin is mediated through binding to motilin receptors. In another study, 25 the effect of erythromycin lactobionate was evaluated in horses after a ventral midline celiotomy

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in American Journal of Veterinary Research