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arteriolopathy of the VSA in a cat. Comments Arteriosclerosis is a general term for stiffening of arteries and has been subclassified as atherosclerosis, Mönckeberg medial calcific sclerosis, and arteriolosclerosis. 1 Atherosclerosis is characterized by

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

lipid-lowering therapy on progression of coronary atherosclerosis: a randomized controlled trial . JAMA 2004 ; 291 : 1071 – 1080 . 10.1001/jama.291.9.1071 7. Llevadot J Murasawa S Kureishi Y , et al . HMG-CoA reductase inhibitor

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

, atherosclerosis, or diabetes mellitus. Systemic hypertension concurrently affects 63% of patients. 5 Long-standing systemic hypertension causes atherosclerosis, and this in turn may lead to thrombosis, vasospasm, or both. 1,3 Emboli secondary to cardiovascular

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

-dependent effects of statins . Arterioscler Thromh Vasc Biol 2003 ; 23 : 729 – 736 . 10.1161/01.ATV.0000063385.12476.A7 9 Preli RB Klein KP Herrington DM . Vascular effects of dietary L-arginine supplementation . Atherosclerosis 2002 ; 162 : 1

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in American Journal of Veterinary Research

ability to reduce cholesterol absorption and decrease early atherosclerosis, 20 inhibit platelet aggregation, 40,41 and increase excretion of fecal bile acids. 42 Rice bran oil is also the only readily available oil, other than palm oil, that contains

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

contrast filling. Differential diagnoses that were considered included stricture, atherosclerosis, or hypertension. Stenosis of the left main pulmonary artery with a filling defect and tortuous right and left pulmonary veins were diagnosed. Biatrial and

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

regarding hypertension was considered guarded; we were hopeful that hypertension would improve with weight loss. At the time of the present report, the differential diagnoses for persistent hypertension in the dog included glomerulosclerosis, atherosclerosis

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

Hyperlipidemia in dogs is associated with pancreatic disease, 1 , a,b and potential complications include hepatobiliary disease, 2 seizures, 3,4 ocular disease, 4,5 and atherosclerosis. 6 Hyperlipidemia in dogs can be primary or secondary to

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in American Journal of Veterinary Research

metabolic alterations that are associated with obesity in humans, including insulin resistance, dyslipidemia, and atherosclerosis. 16 Leptin is an important regulator of energy homeostasis, neuroendocrine function, and metabolism. It increases insulin

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in American Journal of Veterinary Research

rhythm. Thyroid gland function of this dog was not evaluated. Hypothyroidism and associated atherosclerosis could potentially cause conduction system ischemia and fibrosis. Hypothyroidism has been associated with atrioventricular block in a human

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association