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clearly different from the saline, preventing blinding of all study participants. Horses were sedated with detomidine hydrochloride before each arthrocentesis, and standard aseptic procedures were utilized. Using a lateral approach with the fetlock joint

Open access
in American Journal of Veterinary Research

collected in lithium heparin tubes by arthrocentesis of the ipsilateral RCJ via the lateral palmar approach at 5, 10, 15, 20, 25, and 30 minutes following completion of the perfusion. If synovial fluid was not obtained from this location, arthrocentesis was

Open access
in American Journal of Veterinary Research

the alternative tourniquet number after the washout period of at least 14 days. Sample collection Synovial fluid (0.5 mL) was collected in lithium heparin tubes aseptically by arthrocentesis of the ipsilateral RCJ at 5 (T5), 10 (T10), 15 (T15

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in American Journal of Veterinary Research

orthogonal radiographic views of the treated stifle joint obtained immediately after each arthrocentesis. If the radiodense contrast medium was not identified within the compartment intended to be injected, the data were discarded, and the experiment was

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in American Journal of Veterinary Research

Septic arthritis is a painful and potentially life-threatening condition in horses that develops when trauma, arthrocentesis, surgery, or bacteremia results in colonization of microorganisms in a joint. 1–5 Bacterial colonization of the synovial

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in American Journal of Veterinary Research

removed from the region of the GT through the open wound. The wound and muscle edges were debrided, a Penrose drain was placed at the distal extent of the wound, and the wound was closed in layers in routine fashion. Arthrocentesis of the shoulder joint

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

reduce the discomfort associated with tourniquet application and arthrocentesis for synovial fluid sample collection. Additional sedation was administered if the horse exhibited signs of discomfort (shifting of weight, lifting of the limb, pawing, or

Full access
in American Journal of Veterinary Research

proliferation. Arthrocentesis of the tibiotarsal joint was performed, and synovial fluid analysis revealed that the total nucleated cell count was 14,200 cells/µL (reference range, < 1,000 cells/µL) and total protein concentration was 4.4 g/dL (reference

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

clinical history and ruled out with arthrocentesis. Pancarpal arthrodesis is the established procedure for treatment of carpal hyperextension injuries in small animals; conservative treatment with casts or splints usually fails to resolve carpal instability

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

examination revealed a grade 5/5 lameness of the right hind limb. Because of the degree of lameness and the location of the wound, arthrocentesis of the tarsocrural joint was performed and revealed an increase in synovial fluid that was subjectively of low

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association