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this study and has previously been used to assess lameness in psittacines and other avian species. 13 – 16 The use of a thermal stimulus perch has been applied in a variety of avian studies 17 , 18 and particularly in studies with cockatiels. 19 , 20

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in American Journal of Veterinary Research

psittacine species, and other anxiety-related behaviors. 4 , 8 , 9 Thus, chronically elevated levels of corticosterone appear to have a wide range of negative effects on the health status of birds. In veterinary medicine, understanding the role of

Open access
in American Journal of Veterinary Research

Psittacines are common companion animals, and Amazon parrots are among the most popular species of birds owned in the United States. Psittacines are frequently examined by veterinarians in private practice, zoological collections, or rescue

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in American Journal of Veterinary Research

. Considering the reported adverse effects of corticosteroids in psittacines and the relative frequency of aspergillosis in African grey parrots, the bird preventatively received voriconazole (5 mg/kg [2.3 mg/lb], PO, q 12 h) and enrofloxacin (10 mg/kg [4.5 mg

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

scant reports of this tumor type in that location in psittacines. To our knowledge, there is only 1 report 13 of a squamous cell carcinoma in the distal portion of the esophagus in a yellow-naped Amazon parrot. In psittacines, neoplasms of the neck

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

accepted dosages for butorphanol tartrate and nalbuphine hydrochloride in psittacines require frequent, parenteral administration. 7,9 The oral bioavailability of butorphanol tartrate is < 10% in Hispaniolan Amazon parrots ( Amazona ventralis ), which thus

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in American Journal of Veterinary Research

(0.6 × 0.6 × 0.6 m) with a perch and toys. They were maintained on a 12-hour light cycle (12 hours of light and 12 hours of darkness), fed a commercial pelleted diet a formulated for psittacine birds, and provided fresh water ad libitum. The

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in American Journal of Veterinary Research

, an accepted dose for psittacines of 1 to 3 mg of butorphanol/kg has a short plasma half-life and may require repeated administration (every 2 to 3 hours). 7 Long-acting opioid drugs would address the issue of the need for frequent administration

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in American Journal of Veterinary Research

gastrointestinal peristalsis. 1,4,5,7 Most research evaluating gastrointestinal transit time in birds has involved psittacines, 4,5,7 but a few prospective studies in other avian orders have been performed. 8–10 Almost all the values for transit times in birds

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

birds that died were psittacine birds ( Supplementary Appendix S1 , available at: avmajournals.avma.org/doi/suppl/10.2460/javma.259.1.77 ). The types of birds included the following: cockatiels ( Nymphicus hollandicus ; n = 2), Quaker parrots

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association