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evaluated at the William R. Pritchard Veterinary Medical Teaching Hospital that underwent abdominal CR between January 2003 and February 2007 with subsequent exploratory laparotomy or postmortem examination were reviewed. Signalment, definitive diagnosis on

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

of gastric tissue, and surgical stabilization to reduce the risk of recurrence. These treatment goals can be accomplished at the same time during an immediate emergency laparotomy, and the general consensus appears to be that surgical treatment of GDV

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

ovarian tissue removed during a subsequent exploratory laparotomy. In another study, 6 12 of 72 (17%) dogs referred for complications after OHE had signs of proestrus or estrus, which included vulvar swelling or serosanguineous vaginal discharge, and an

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

abnormalities, and pregnancy toxemia. 4 The procedure is most commonly performed in standing or sedated recumbent ruminants via left paralumbar fossa laparotomy or left oblique laparotomy; however, ventral midline, paramedian, and ventrolateral approaches under

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

endoscopy for partial-thickness biopsy samples, ultrasonography for ultrasonographically guided needle biopsy samples, or traditional laparotomy or minimally invasive abdominal surgery for full-thickness biopsy samples. 1–7 Flexible endoscopic

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

/kg/h, IV) was resumed, and glucose (0.45% sodium chloride and 2.5% glucose solution; 5 mL/kg/h, IV) was administered via CRI. Exploratory laparotomy was performed the following day. A mass (0.6 × 1.5 cm) was identified in the body of the pancreas adjacent

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

between 2007 and 2021. Cases were identified using search terms in the clinical notes (eg, splenic AND torsion, spherocyt*). Dogs were eligible for inclusion if they had a final diagnosis of splenic torsion confirmed with exploratory laparotomy by board

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

examination or underwent exploratory laparotomy within 6 hours after admission. They were excluded if they had received antiplatelet (other than NSAIDs), thrombolytic, or antithrombotic medications or had been hospitalized at another clinic prior to admission

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in American Journal of Veterinary Research

diagnostic accuracy of 97% in the diagnosis of intestinal obstruction. 2 However, other research 7 has revealed some limitations of ultrasonography versus exploratory laparotomy for correct assessment of the gastrointestinal tract. The usefulness of CT

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

. Results of histologic evaluation of the spleen were normal; however, the liver showed evidence of biliary obstruction of undetermined chronicity. Figure 4— Intraoperative photograph of the patient in Figure 1 , during emergency laparotomy via a

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association