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accentuated over the medial aspect of the distal portion of the tibia. The left tarsocrural joint was moderately effusive. Cytologic evaluation of synovial fluid collected via arthrocentesis revealed inflammatory changes indicative of a septic process

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

surfaces of both carpal joints (which had been previously clipped of hair) was aseptically prepared. Approximately 2 minutes after administration of a dose of ketamine or saline solution (time = 7 minutes), arthrocentesis was performed on one carpus, which

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

at weeks 0, 1, 3, and 5. Intra-articular injection and arthrocentesis Each horse was sedated with 3 to 5 mg detomidine hydrochloride (Zoetis) administered IV and appropriately restrained. The dorsal aspect of each carpus underwent aseptic

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in American Journal of Veterinary Research

lameness immediately prior to the 12-hour arthrocentesis and at 24-hour intervals after the last arthrocentesis. Lameness was scored by use of the American Association of Equine Practitioners grading scale. 32 Experimental protocol for ILRVI —After each

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in American Journal of Veterinary Research

Figure 1 . Note the osteochondritis dissecans lesion on the left medial femoral condyle (green arrow) and the medial patella luxation on the left stifle (red arrow). Arthrocentesis of the left stifle revealed an increased volume of synovial fluid

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

. Mild effusion was noticed in the radiocarpal and intermediate carpal joints. Results of a CBC and serum biochemical analyses, as well as the cell counts and protein concentrations in fluid obtained from both joints by arthrocentesis, were within

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

evaluation of synovial fluid samples obtained via arthrocentesis. In dogs with IMPA, synovial fluid contains an increased proportion of nondegenerate neutrophils, compared with the proportion in healthy dogs. 3 Oral administration of immunosuppressive doses

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

old. Arthrocentesis of the tarsal joints is a procedure commonly used for diagnostic and therapeutic purposes. 6,7,11,14,15 The injection site most commonly used for the TMT joint is accessed via the lateral approach. 6,7,11 No other sites of

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in American Journal of Veterinary Research

every reexamination, arthrocentesis of both stifle joints and the left shoulder joint was performed. We believe that our study design is valid and useful when trying to determine the underlying causative factors for CrCL disease. Even if the prevalence

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in American Journal of Veterinary Research

abaxial portion. ArthrocentesisArthrocentesis of the DIJ was attempted in 3 calves. Blood contaminated 2 of the samples, and they were judged not suitable for cytologic evaluation. Cytologic findings for the remaining calf were compatible with

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association