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complete regeneration and remodeling of the mandibular defect (B) The temporomandibular joint Laboratory animals are traditionally used as models for temporomandibular joint (TMJ) research and are crucial to the study of basic disease mechanisms

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in American Journal of Veterinary Research

the temporal bone and quadrate bone is disrupted, indicating a fracture of both these bones. Figure 2— Same computed tomographic image as Figure 1 . The right temporomandibular joint is normal (m = mandible; q = quadrate bone; p = pterygoid bone

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

251 days (range, 8 to 536 days). See page 59 Computed tomographic findings in dogs and cats with temporomandibular joint disorders Dogs and cats with temporomandibular joint disease typical have > 1 disorder, according to a review of

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

temporomandibular joint. Irregularity to the physis and a small step between the basisphenoid and basioccipital bone are best seen on the sagittal reconstructed image. There is marked heterogeneity in the appearance of this physis and lack of evidence of

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

in a rostral to caudal progression from the level of the olfactory bulb and nasopharyngeal duct to the level of the temporomandibular joint ( Figures 2–9 ). Figure 1— T2-weighted MR images of the head of a cadaveric juvenile loggerhead sea

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in American Journal of Veterinary Research

technique for fat suppression (B), and T1-weighted (T1W; C) and postcontrast T1W with Dixon technique for fat suppression (D) images from MRI at the level of the temporomandibular joints of an 8-year-old 46.2-kg (101.6-lb) spayed female German Shepherd Dog

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

algorithm to help guide surgical options for various congenital orofacial defects. Arzi 5 presents an expert opinion review on diagnosis, treatment, and long-term outcomes of fractures of the temporomandibular joint in both dogs and cats , providing

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

complications that range in severity. Minor complications include aesthetically unpleasing results such as damage to the auricular muscles or scutiform cartilage. Major complications include temporomandibular joint sepsis or cranial nerve trauma. 3 Additionally

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

Skouritakis for assistance with the illustrations. ABBREVIATIONS TMJ Temporomandibular joint Footnotes a. IMEX Veterinary Inc, Longview, Tex. b. S-PRI, AOS Technologies AG, Baden, Switzerland. c. VPT4120.24, DePuy Synthes Vet, a

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in American Journal of Veterinary Research

from collections around the world. When available and appropriate, the authors have included 3-D CT reconstruction and radiographic images and photomicrographs. They have also integrated information regarding the skull, temporomandibular joint

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in American Journal of Veterinary Research