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conditions that significantly reduce the life expectancy of psittacine birds. There is a strong species predisposition to atherosclerosis and other lipid disorders, especially within Amazon parrots ( Amazona spp.), grey parrots ( Psittacus erithacus

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in American Journal of Veterinary Research

confusion as to the prevalence of cardiac disease in companion rabbits. Rabbits have been used as models for atherosclerosis, endocarditis, and drug-induced cardiomyopathies in other species. 5–7 However, there appear to be few published reports of cardiac

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

Cardiovascular diseases are common in avian species. 1–5 Among these diseases, atherosclerosis is highly prevalent in aging parrots such as African grey parrots ( Psittacus erithacus ) and Amazon parrots ( Amazona spp). 2,6–10 Psittacine

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in American Journal of Veterinary Research

deflection of this point is indicative of subendocardial ischemia of the left ventricle. 8,9 Hypothyroidism has been associated with coronary atherosclerosis in dogs. 10 Because of the dog's dry skin, dull coat, and overweight body condition, thyroid gland

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

root but may also occur secondary to degeneration of the elastic tissue through trauma, atherosclerosis, or infection. 3 Histologic examination of aneurysms in other horses with sinus of Valsalva rupture suggests that, as in humans, both congenital and

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

treatment and were enucleated. See page 201 Ischemic necrosis of the digits and hyperlipidemia associated with atherosclerosis in a Miniature American Shepherd A 2.5-year-old Miniature American Shepherd was referred because of a crusted lesion

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

–related complications including vascular disease, retinopathy, and glomerulopathy. 7–10 Dogs with diabetes mellitus are also at risk for some of these long-term complications. Although atherosclerosis is not frequently diagnosed in dogs, dogs with atherosclerosis are

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in American Journal of Veterinary Research

. 22 Low-density lipoproteins are retained in arterial walls during atherosclerosis via interactions between apolipoprotein B-100 and negatively charged glycosaminoglycans in subendothelial proteoglycans. 23 Apolipoprotein B-100 has not been

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in American Journal of Veterinary Research

positively correlated with serum high-density lipoprotein concentration. Unlike humans, atherosclerosis is uncommon in dogs, and dogs with atherosclerosis are more likely to also have other illnesses such as diabetes mellitus and hypothyroidism, compared with

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in American Journal of Veterinary Research
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to diabetes. With a protein-losing nephropathy, a hypercoagulable state is established by the loss of antithrombin through the kidneys. Atherosclerosis could have also been a contributing factor in this dog, but necropsy was not performed. In the

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association