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Introduction Neonatal NWCs are frequently evaluated at veterinary referral hospitals for a variety of maladies. Commonly reported disorders include prematurity or dysmaturity; congenital defects; poor regulation of body temperature and blood

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

Equine neonates are commonly evaluated by veterinarians for clinical signs of systemic disease. Although systemic diseases of foals have been described, the ocular manifestations of disease have received little attention in the peer

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

for imaging the lungs, 6,7 although the use of CT for the diagnosis of thoracic disease in dogs and cats has been well described. 6–8 In sick equine neonates, respiratory disease is a clinically important factor contributing to illness and death

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in American Journal of Veterinary Research

consist of a 50-mg IV bolus every 6 hours (approx 2.5 to 3 mg/kg/d) or a 100-mg loading dose followed by a continuous rate infusion of 10 mg/h, IV (approx 4 to 6 mg/kg/d). 15,23 Hydrocortisone replacement protocols for use in situations of neonatal and

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in American Journal of Veterinary Research

in neonatal foals with sepsis by means of a low-dose (0.1 μg/kg [0.045 μg/lb]) ACTH stimulation test and a paired low-dose and high-dose (10 μg/foal and 100 μg/foal) ACTH stimulation test. 7,20 Traditionally, to diagnose absolute adrenal gland

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

Liver disease in adult horses has been well described, 1–3 but to our knowledge, there is little published information about liver disease in neonatal foals beyond case reports and small case series. 4–8 Reported causes of liver disease in

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

Neonatal foals admitted to emergency veterinary facilities are often hemodynamically compromised and require rapid IV administration of fluids. The distribution of these fluids is affected by the physiologic status of each foal, disease process

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in American Journal of Veterinary Research

Septicemia is a common clinical entity in neonatal foals, and this disease process and its associated complications (eg, septic arthritis) are one of the leading causes of morbidity and death in neonatal foals. 1,2 Although various bacterial

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

Calf deaths during the neonatal period are the most important problem of cattle breeding around the world, and diseases associated with diarrhea are of key importance. 1,2 The most common bacterial cause of neonatal calf diarrhea is

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in American Journal of Veterinary Research

manner. Neonatal llamas have a stronger insulin response to hyperglycemia and are more insulin sensitive than adults, 10 and the administration of a synthetic GLP-1 mimetic to adult alpacas enhances their insulin response and ability to clear glucose. 11

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in American Journal of Veterinary Research