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diastole by use of the following formula: Figure 1— Right parasternal short-axis echocardiographic view (left panel) with 2-dimensional guided M-mode tracing (right panel) of the left ventricle of a healthy male New Zealand white rabbit. View was

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in American Journal of Veterinary Research

, as obtained through a ventromedian approach to transducer probe placement (frame rate, 225 Hz; depth, 4 cm). Measurement lines are shown within the left ventricle (dashed lines) and right ventricle (solid lines). Figure 2— Contrast

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in American Journal of Veterinary Research

lead to respiratory motion artifacts and gating limitations, which make RT3DE unfeasible in those patients. Fourth, in the present study, the image of the LV was generated out of 4 subvolumes during RT3DE. Left-ventricle cutting is possible up to 7

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in American Journal of Veterinary Research

= Caudal esophageal short axis. LA = Left atrium. LV = Left ventricle. LVOT = Left ventricular outflow tract. ME 4C = Midesophageal 4-chamber. ME LAX = Midesophageal long axis. MV = Mitral valve. PMs = Papillary muscles. RA = Right atrium. RV = Right

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in American Journal of Veterinary Research

ventricle will be found between control dogs and dogs with naturally occurring or induced forms of DCM. In this study, canine mitochondrial proteins from the left ventricle were mapped at narrow pH gradients by 2dimensional electrophoresis. In addition

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in American Journal of Veterinary Research

interventricular septum BLVPW Basal left ventricular posterior wall CRI Constant rate infusion cTnI Cardiac troponin I CV Coefficient of variation EF Ejection fraction LV Left ventricle MI Mechanical index MIVS Midinterventricular septum MLVPW Mid

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in American Journal of Veterinary Research

severe mitral regurgitation and dynamic right ventricular outflow tract obstruction, 1 had hypertrophy of the left ventricle and dynamic right ventricular outflow tract obstruction, 2 had mitral regurgitation, 1 had tricuspid regurgitation, 1 had dynamic

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

. ABBREVIATIONS DAP Diastolic arterial blood pressure EDV End-diastolic volume EDVI End-diastolic volume index ESV End-systolic volume ESVI End-systolic volume index HR Heart rate LV Left ventricle LVAd Left ventricle luminal area at end diastole

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in American Journal of Veterinary Research

calculated. Similar to transthoracic echocardiography, pericardial LUS was performed with a 7.5- to 12-MHz sector probe with the dog positioned in right lateral recumbency. The left ventricle at the level of the papillary muscle was visualized by means of

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in American Journal of Veterinary Research

naturally occurring or induced DCM. In this study, we describe alterations in mitochondrial protein expression from the left ventricle in complexes I to V of the ETC by comparing tissue specimens from healthy control dogs to that of Doberman Pinschers with

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in American Journal of Veterinary Research