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abdominal contents within the thorax have displaced the lung lobes resulting in pulmonary atelectasis. Congestion of intestinal segments, tearing of the diaphragm, or both are likely contributing to the pleural effusion. Treatment and Outcome After

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

source of the uroabdomen. In cases of trauma, CT is an important diagnostic tool that can detect soft tissue and orthopedic injuries. With contrast enhancement, CT is a sensitive modality to determine the source of hemorrhagic effusions and can aid in

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

tissue opacity in the caudal portion of a distended esophagus (with or without gas), presence of pneumonia or pleural effusion, and a displaced gastric axis. Occasionally, gastric rugal folds may be visible on contrast studies along with presence of

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

differential diagnoses were colonic entrapment at the gastropexy site, colonic torsion, or both. The decreased serosal detail identified could have represented focal peritonitis, peritoneal effusion, or artifact (secondary to organ crowding). The focal gas

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

portion, compared with the distal half, which had a much more tortuous course. The left kidney, left ureter, and urinary bladder were normal, with a normal-appearing left ureterovesicular junction. There was no evidence of retroperitoneal effusion or intra

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

morphologically normal, and no peritoneal effusion was evident. On the basis of these findings and clinical signs, we prioritized potential gallbladder rupture. Figure 3 Sagittal, transabdominal ultrasonographic image of the liver and gallbladder of the same

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

the epiphysis, and increased or decreased joint space. 2 An increase in soft tissue opacity within (effusion and synovitis) and surrounding the joint, with or without osteophytosis, may be the only radiographic finding in the earlier stages of septic

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

the course of antimicrobials. Physical examination revealed moderate left forelimb lameness. A firm swelling was palpated at the distolateral aspect of the left forelimb, and the left elbow joint had mild effusion. The remaining findings on physical

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

, ectopic parathyroid tissue, or branchial remnants. Given the poor definition of the structure, focal or sequestered cranial mediastinal fluid (hemorrhage or pyogranulomatous or neoplastic effusion) was strongly considered. Hemorrhage of a tumor originating

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

surrounding mesentery was hyperechoic, and there was a small volume of free fluid surrounding the herniated loop of small intestine. Scant peritoneal effusion in the splenic and hepatic region was also identified. Ultrasonography of the testicles (not shown

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association