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. Comments The most common cause of pneumoperitoneum in small animals is recent (0 to 25 days) celiotomy with air being trapped during closure and absorbed by the peritoneum after surgery 1 ; however, the dog reported here did not have evidence of surgery

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

the small intestines (s). Material consistent with feces (f) can be seen within the lumen. A paper clip (p) is evident in the stomach in all images. Comments Exploratory celiotomy was performed in this dog, and colonic volvulus was

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

persistent gastric distention. The material observed provided strong acoustic shadowing suggestive of a gastric foreign body ( Figure 4 ). Exploratory celiotomy and gastrotomy were performed, and a large, firm, sponge-like material intermixed with food

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

granulomas, metastatic neoplasia, nodular regeneration, or abscesses. Treatment and Outcome The monitor was anesthetized, and an exploratory coeliotomy was performed. A mass was found closely associated with the left ovary, and the ovary and mass were

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

with medical versus surgical lesions. There is a lack of consistency in the literature evaluating exploratory celiotomy in foals and young horses. Some reports include only patients with gastrointestinal disease, 9,14 whereas others include

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

after exploratory celiotomy for colic. In populations of horses from various disciplines and ages, 68% to 84% of horses that survived 6 months after surgery have been reported to perform at or above their intended level of use following colic surgery. 1

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

ventral midline celiotomy was performed. The PPDH was identified in a ventral and central position. The content of the hernia was reduced (small intestines and gall bladder). The hernia was closed by use of a pericardial flap to aid apposition of the

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

History An 8-year-old 527-kg (1,161-lb) healthy Quarter Horse gelding was properly anesthetized and intubated and underwent sham ventral median celiotomy, with minimal intestinal manipulation, as part of the control group of an intestinal

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

day of surgery, which again revealed a palpable right testis in the scrotum but no evidence of a left testis. The dog was then prepared for routine exploratory abdominal celiotomy and castration via a prescrotal incision. After anesthesia was induced

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

in horses vary from conservative medical management to aggressive surgical interventions. Surgical procedures, such as direct suture of the tear via the rectum 5,9,11,16–19 or via celiotomy, 9,20,21 loop colostomy, end colostomy, 9

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association