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Animals —Thirteen client-owned female dogs undergoing routine ovariohysterectomy via a standard laparotomy technique were used as control dogs. Ten purpose-bred large-breed female dogs (approx body weight of each dog, 25 kg) used for a laparoscopy teaching

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in American Journal of Veterinary Research

the right kidney. Ultrasonographic guidance was used to obtain a fine-needle aspirate; cytologic examination of that sample revealed inflammatory cells primarily comprising segmented neutrophils and macrophages. Exploratory laparotomy was scheduled

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

Abstract

Objective—To determine the effects of prolonged anesthesia with desflurane in dogs undergoing laparotomy or abdominal laparoscopy.

Design—Randomized prospective study.

Animals—20 adult mixed-breed dogs.

Procedure—Dogs were randomly assigned to 1 of 2 groups with 10 dogs/group. Anesthesia was induced with propofol and maintained with desflurane and fentanyl, and pyloroplasty was performed. In 10 dogs, a ventral midline laparotomy was performed; in the other 10, abdominal laparoscopy was performed. Dogs were monitored for cardiovascular and respiratory responses (ECG, oxygen saturation [SpO2], arterial blood pressure, rectal temperature, end-tidal partial pressure of carbon dioxide [PETCO2], and expired desflurane concentration). Recovery times were recorded.

Results—Mean ± SD duration of anesthesia was 201 ± 25 minutes for dogs undergoing laparotomy and 287 ± 15 minutes for dogs undergoing laparoscopy. Anesthesia was accompanied by hypotension that was less severe in dogs undergoing laparoscopy. Heart rate did not vary significantly during anesthesia. The SpO2 was > 97% in all dogs at all times, and PETCO2 remained within reference limits. Recovery times for dogs that underwent laparotomy were not significantly different from those for dogs that underwent laparoscopy. Mean ± SD time to standing was 13.6 ± 2.4 minutes for dogs that underwent laparotomy and 12.5 ± 2.9 minutes for dogs that underwent laparoscopy.

Conclusions and Clinical Relevance—Results suggest that induction of anesthesia with propofol and maintenance with desflurane and fentanyl is safe in dogs undergoing abdominal surgery. (J Am Vet Med Assoc 2001;219:941–945)

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

exploratory laparotomy. Given the perceived anesthetic risk to the tiger, the effects of the previously administered medetomidine were reversed early in the anesthetic period with atipamezole (0.2 mg/kg, IV). Crystalloid fluid (IV), antimicrobials (cefazolin

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

), medetomidine hydrochloride c (0.04 mg/kg [0.02 mg/lb], IM), and propofol d (IV, to effect). General anesthesia was then maintained with isoflurane e in oxygen, delivered via face mask. Caudal ventral laparotomy was performed, and a 1.5-mm tomcat catheter

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

possible partial obstruction at the ileocecal junction. The dog underwent an exploratory laparotomy the following day. During surgery, diffusely distributed, nodular, intramural lesions were observed in the jejunum. Two biopsy samples were collected from

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

laparotomy following full discussion with clients on the risks versus potential benefits. Medical records Patient history, signalment, date of surgery, procedure performed, surgery time (recorded from the skin incision to completion of skin closure

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

), sucralfate (25 mg/kg, PO, q 8 h), and diazoxide (10 mg/kg, PO, q 12 h). After 2 weeks of home treatment, the ferret no longer had the previous clinical signs. Follow-up examination revealed it had gained 100 g of body weight. An exploratory laparotomy was

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

the surgical procedure. Crystalloid fluid (lactated Ringer's solution containing 5% glucose) was administered at a rate of 10.0 mL/kg/h (4.55 mL/lb/h). A laparotomy was performed with a right lateral approach. The rabbit was placed in left lateral

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

enlarged, consistent with the dog's young age. Eight lumbar vertebrae were present. Immediately following CT, the dog underwent exploratory laparotomy. Complete abdominal exploration revealed a markedly enlarged, hydronephrotic right kidney with no

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association