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, mepivacaine, bupivacaine, and procaine. 3 With the exception of bupivacaine, this group of agents provides analgesia of fairly short duration and may necessitate readministration of the agent to allow completion of the procedure. In addition, local

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in American Journal of Veterinary Research

repair. Maxillary and caudal inferior alveolar nerve blocks were administered bilaterally with 0.5% bupivacaine (total dose, 0.5 mg/kg [0.23 mg/lb]; 0.3 mL/site of injection), followed by nasal lavage with room temperature water (11:15 am ). At 11:20 am

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

, median, and musculocutaneous local nerve block (bupivacaine [5 mg/kg], ketamine [1 mg/kg], and dexmedetomidine [0.85 µg/kg]). The patient remained stable throughout the anesthetic but developed transient hypotension corrected with a single crystalloid

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
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mandibular right first molar, 4 mm on the distobuccal aspect, 4 mm on the mesiobuccal aspect, and 5 mm on the mesiolingual aspect. The dog was anesthetized, and a right inferior alveolar nerve block was administered with bupivacaine. A full-thickness gingival

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

surgery of the shoulder joint was performed. The bone fragment was approximately 1 cm wide at its base and 1.5 cm long at its apex. During general anesthesia, a brachial plexus block was performed with a 0.5% solution of bupivacaine. A craniomedial

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

1.5 mA for verification of needle placement, with the current decreased to 0.5 mA after the correct injection sites were confirmed. After stimulation at 0.5 mA and a negative blood aspiration test, a solution of 0.5% bupivacaine and dexmedetomidine

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

until negative pressure was obtained, and bupivacaine (2 mg/kg [0.9 mg/lb]) was then infused into the pleural cavity via the thoracostomy tube. Recovery from anesthesia was routine. The dog was connected to a continuous ECG monitor, and supplemental

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

), ECG, and pulse oximetry. During surgery, the surgeon infiltrated local anesthetic (approx 1 to 2 mL of 0.75% bupivacaine solution) around the nerves of the brachial plexus immediately prior to transection of the forelimb, in accordance with the

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

unreliable visceral analgesia for intestinal manipulation in conscious patients, independent of adequate incisional anesthesia. 53,65 In another study, 53 12 of 25 goats receiving sedation and either lidocaine or bupivacaine epidural anesthesia reacted to

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in American Journal of Veterinary Research

solution, 90 minutes to 3 hours with a 2% mepivacaine solution, and 3 to 8 hours with a 0.5% bupivacaine solution. 29–31 In another study, 32 the affected foot of horses with naturally occurring lameness was reliably desensitized for 3 hours following

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in American Journal of Veterinary Research