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  • Author or Editor: William G. Olson x
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Summary

Hemodynamic and analgesic effects of medetomidine (15 µg/kg of body weight, im) and etomidate (0.5 mg/kg, iv, loading dose; 50 µg/kg/min. constant infusion) were evaluated in 6 healthy adult Beagles. Instrumentation was performed during isoflurane/oxygen-maintained anesthesia. Before initiation of the study, isoflurane was allowed to reach end-tidal concentration ≤ 0.5%, when baseline measurements were recorded. Medetomidine and atropine (0.044 mg/kg) were given im after recording of baseline values. Ten minutes later, the loading dose of etomidate was given im, and constant infusion was begun and continued for 60 minutes. Oxygen was administered via endotracheal tube throughout the study. Analgesia was evaluated by use of the standard tail clamp technique and a direct-current nerve stimulator.

Sinoatrial and atrial-ventricular blocks occurred in 4 of 6 dogs within 2 minutes after administration of a medetomidine-atropine combination, but disappeared within 8 minutes. Apnea did not occur after administration of the etomidate loading dose. Analgesia was complete and consistent throughout 60 minutes of etomidate infusion. Medetomidine significantly (P < 0.05) increased systemic vascular resistance and decreased cardiac output. Etomidate infusion caused a decrease in respiratory function, but minimal changes in hemodynamic values. Time from termination of etomidate infusion to extubation, sternal recumbency, standing normally, and walking normally were 17.3 ± 9.4, 43.8 ± 14.2, 53.7 ± 11.9, and 61.0 ± 10.9 minutes, respectively. All recoveries were smooth and unremarkable. We concluded that this anesthetic drug combination, at the dosages used, is a safe technique in healthy Beagles.

Free access
in American Journal of Veterinary Research

Summary

Hemodynamic and analgesic effects of medetomidine (30 μg/kg of body weight, im), atropine (0.044 mg/kg, im), and propofol (2 mg/kg, IV, as a bolus, and 165 μg/kg/min, Iv, for 60 minutes, as an infusion) were evaluated in 6 healthy adult Beagles. Catheters were placed while the dogs were anesthetized with isoflurane in oxygen. Administration of isoflurane was then discontinued, and dogs were allowed to breath oxygen until end-tidal isoflurane concentration was ≤ 0.5%. At this time, baseline measurements were recorded and medetomidine and atropine were administered. Ten minutes later, the bolus of propofol was given and the infusion was begun. Analgesia was evaluated with a tail clamp test and by use of a direct-current nerve stimulator. Sinoatrial and atrioventricular blockade developed in all 6 dogs within 2 minutes of administration of medetomidine and atropine, but disappeared within 10 minutes. Apnea did not develop after administration of propofol. Analgesia was strong and consistent throughout the entire 60-minute period of propofol infusion. Medetomidine significantly (P < 0.05) increased systemic vascular resistance and decreased cardiac output, compared with baseline values. Propofol infusion appeared to alleviate medetomidine induced vasoconstriction. Recovery was smooth and uncomplicated. All dogs were able to walk normally at a mean time (± sem) of 88.2 ± 20.6 minutes after termination of propofol infusion. It was concluded that medetomidine, atropine, and propofol, as given in the present study, is a safe combination of anesthetic drugs for use in healthy Beagles.

Free access
in American Journal of Veterinary Research