Search Results

You are looking at 1 - 2 of 2 items for :

  • Author or Editor: Valerie J. Moorman x
  • Musculoskeletal System x
  • Refine by Access: All Content x
Clear All Modify Search

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

To determine the effects of 3 α2-adrenergic receptor agonists (α2-ARAs), alone or in combination with butorphanol tartrate, on objective measurements of lameness in horses.

ANIMALS

17 adult polo horses with naturally occurring forelimb or hind limb lameness (or both).

PROCEDURES

In a crossover design, each horse received each protocol (saline [0.09% NaCl] solution [2 mL, IV] or xylazine hydrochloride [0.33 mg/kg, IV], detomidine hydrochloride [0.007 mg/kg, IV], or romifidine hydrochloride [0.033 mg/kg, IV] alone or in combination with butorphanol [0.007 mg/kg, IV]) in random order, with a washout period (≥ 7 days) between protocols. Horses were assessed immediately prior to (baseline) and 10, 15, 20, 30, and 40 minutes after administration of each protocol for degree of sedation, mechanical nociceptive threshold (MNT), and objective lameness measurements.

RESULTS

Compared with baseline values, sedation scores and MNTs were significantly higher at all evaluated time points following administration of all sedation protocols except xylazine alone; following administration of xylazine alone, sedation scores and MNTs were significantly higher at ≤ 30 minutes and ≤ 20 minutes, respectively. Significant differences in objective forelimb lameness measurements were noted after administration of the 3 α2-ARA-butorphanol combinations. Most significant differences in objective measurements of hind limb lameness were detected after administration of detomidine or romifidine, alone or in combination with butorphanol.

CONCLUSIONS AND CLINICAL RELEVANCE

In the study horses, xylazine alone had the least impact on objective lameness measurements. The administration of α2-ARAs, particularly detomidine or romifidine, alone or in combination with butorphanol, resulted in small but significant effects on objective lameness measurements.

Full access
in American Journal of Veterinary Research

Abstract

OBJECTIVE To determine accuracy for a technique of needle redirection at a single craniolateral site for injection of 3 compartments of the equine stifle joint, describe the external needle position, and identify the location of the needle tip within each joint compartment.

SAMPLE 24 equine cadaver stifle joints.

PROCEDURES Stifle joints were placed in a customized stand. After the needle was placed, external needle position was measured and recorded. Each joint compartment (medial and lateral compartments of the femorotibial joint and the femoropatellar joint) was injected with a solution containing iodinated contrast medium, water, and dye. Radiography, assessment of intra-articular location of the needle tip, and gross dissection were performed to determine success of entering each joint compartment. Student t tests and an ANOVA were used to compare mean values.

RESULTS Overall accuracy was 19 of 24 (79.1%), and accuracy for individual joint compartments was at least 21 of 24 (87.5%). Mean depth of needle insertion to access each compartment of the stifle joint was 5.71 cm. Mean angle of insertion (relative to the long axis of the tibia) was 82.1°, 80.3°, and 18.5° for the medial compartment of the femorotibial joint, lateral compartment of the femorotibial joint, and femoropatellar joint, respectively, and 28° medial, 7.3° lateral, and 1.3° lateral for the medial compartment of the femorotibial joint, lateral compartment of the femorotibial joint, and femoropatellar joint, respectively.

CONCLUSIONS AND CLINICAL RELEVANCE Results supported that this was an accurate technique for successful injection of the 3 equine stifle joint compartments.

Full access
in American Journal of Veterinary Research