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  • Author or Editor: Robert O. Gilbert x
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A series of experiments was designed to elucidate some of the factors that may influence surface expression of CD18 by bovine neutrophils. Expression of CD18 was determined by immunofluorescence flow cytometry. Neutrophils recovered from the uterus of cows (n = 9) after intrauterine administration of sterile oyster glycogen solution expressed (mean ± sd) 123 ± 21% more CD18 than did circulating neutrophils recovered simultaneously from the same cows (P = 0.003). In 8 cows given 20 mg of dexamethasone im daily for 3 days, expression of CD 18 on blood neutrophils was 29.6 ± 8% less after treatment than before treatment (P = 0.0078).

Neutrophils from 12 cows or bulls exposed to phorbol myristate acetate in vitro increased expression of CD18 by 137 ± 37% (P = 0.0035). Likewise, exposure of neutrophils from 8 cattle to zymosan-activated bovine plasma increased CD18 exposure by 10.6 ± 3.8% (P = 0.029).

These findings indicate that expression of CD 18 by bovine neutrophils is a dynamic system, capable of responding to inflammatory stimuli. Inadvertent activation of neutrophils may be responsible for some of the variance in expression observed when examining large groups of cattle for CD18 expression by neutrophils. The ability of bovine neutrophils to respond rapidly to various stimuli by increasing surface expression of CD18 indicates that a pool of intracellular CD18 may be available for inclusion in the plasmalemma, as has been reported for human neutrophils.

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in American Journal of Veterinary Research