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  • Author or Editor: Kenneth W. Kwochka x
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Prophylactic efficacy of 4 antibacterial shampoos against Staphylococcus intermedins in dogs was determined by use of a controlled quantitative technique. Ten adult Beagles were used in the study. The antibacterial agents in the shampoos were 3.0% benzoyl peroxide, 0.5% Chlorhexidine acetate, 1.0% available iodine as a polyalkyle-neglycol-iodine complex, and a combination of 0.5% triclosan, 2.0% sulfur, and 2.0% salicylic acid. Treated and control sites were challenge exposed with 5.30 ± 0.10 (log10) S intermedins colony-forming units (cfu)/cm2 of skin and occluded for 5 hours. At the end of the test period, remaining bacteria were removed with a detergent cup-scrub technique and the total number of S intermedins cfu/cm2 skin was calculated for each treated and control site.

Nontreated bacteria-challenged control sites yielded 5.62 ± 0.65 S intermedins cfu/cm2 of skin. Staphylococcus intermedins recovery (cfu/cm2) from the treated sites was 0.94 ± 0.76 for benzoyl peroxide, 1.96 ± 1.33 for Chlorhexidine acetate, 3.11 ± 0.48 for organic iodine, and 4.69 ± 0.23 for triclosan-sulfur-salicylic acid. Each S intermedins recovery value from the 4 treated sites was significantly (P < 0.05) lower than that from the nontreated S intermedins challenge-exposed control site. Bacteria recovery values were also significantly (P < 0.05) different among the 4 shampoo-treated sites.

We concluded that all shampoos had significant (P < 0.05) prophylactic activity against S intermedins over 5 hours. The shampoo containing benzoyl peroxide was determined to have the greatest efficacy among the products tested.

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in American Journal of Veterinary Research