Objective—To explore perceptions of faculty educators regarding the importance of nontechnical competencies in veterinary graduates and the placement of nontechnical competency development in veterinary education.
Sample Population—All faculty members at 5 North American veterinary medical institutions.
Procedures—Participants rated the importance of 14 nontechnical competencies and indicated in which phase or phases of veterinary education such competencies should be developed (ie, curriculum placement). Differences in mean ratings were statistically evaluated, as were associations between ratings or curriculum placement and respondent institution, gender, experience, and discipline.
Results—Mean ratings of importance were above neutral for all competencies and were highest for ethical, critical thinking, and interpersonal and intrapersonal competencies; development of these competencies was favored in preveterinary and veterinary training. Ratings were lower for management and business competencies; development of these and other competencies was placed primarily in the clinical phase of the veterinary curriculum. Basic science, nonveterinarian, and junior faculty appeared to more strongly appreciate the importance of nontechnical skills, whereas large animal and midcareer faculty reported a more reserved degree of support. Female faculty were more likely to place nontechnical competency development throughout the educational process.
Conclusions and Clinical Relevance—Participants agreed nontechnical competencies are important for veterinary graduates; however, faculty perceptions differed from previously published findings regarding the relative importance of business and management skills. Those involved in faculty hiring, faculty development, and curricular planning should also be aware of disciplinary and career stage differences affecting faculty perspectives.
Objective—To determine whether the stress of an
ultrasonographic procedure would interfere with the
suppressive effect of dexamethasone during a lowdose
dexamethasone suppression test (LDDST) in
Animals—6 clinically normal adult dogs.
Procedure—In phase 1, an LDDST was performed 5
times at weekly intervals in each dog. Serum samples
were obtained 0, 2, 4, 6, and 8 hours after dexamethasone
injection. A mock 20-minute abdominal ultrasonographic
examination was performed on all dogs at each
time point during the LDDST on weeks 2 through 5. In
phase 2, serum cortisol concentrations were measured
before and immediately after a 20-minute mock
abdominal ultrasonographic examination, as described
for phase 1.
Results—We did not detect significant differences
after dexamethasone injection when comparing
median cortisol concentrations for weeks 2 to 5
(mock ultrasonographic procedure) with median concentration
for week 1 (no mock ultrasonographic procedure).
For 5 of the 6 dogs, cortisol concentrations
after dexamethasone injection decreased to < 35.9
nmol/L after each mock ultrasonographic procedure
and remained low for the duration of the LDDST. In
phase 2, all dogs had significant increases in cortisol
concentrations immediately after the mock ultrasonographic
Conclusions and Clinical Relevance—A 20-minute
mock abdominal ultrasonographic examination performed
during LDDST did not alter results of the
LDDST in most dogs. Cortisol concentrations measured
immediately after a mock ultrasonographic
examination were significantly increased. Ultrasonographic
procedures should be performed a minimum
of 2 hours before collection of samples that will
be used to measure cortisol concentrations. ( Am J Vet Res 2004;65:267–270)
Objectives—To evaluate indices of renal function in
healthy, growing Beagle puppies from 9 to 27 weeks
of age and to determine whether indices change with
age during this period.
Animals—6 healthy Beagle puppies.
Procedure—Urine collections were performed at
2-week intervals in puppies 9 to 27 weeks old. Daily
excretion of urinary creatinine, protein, sodium,
potassium, chloride, phosphorus, and calcium were
determined, as were quantitative urinalyses including
endogenous creatinine clearance, urine protein-tocreatinine
ratios (UPr/C), and fractional clearances of
sodium (FNa), potassium (FK), chloride (FCl), calcium
(FCa), and phosphorus (FP).
Results—Significant differences among age groups
were detected for endogenous creatinine clearance,
and daily urinary protein, potassium, calcium,
and phosphorus excretion. Significant differences
also existed among age groups for UPr/C, FNa, FK,
FCl and FP. Age-related effects fit a linear regression
model for FNa, UPr/C, daily phosphorus excretion,
and daily protein excretion. Quadratic regression
models were judged most appropriate for
endogenous creatinine clearance, FK, daily chloride
excretion, and daily potassium excretion.
Endogenous creatinine clearance measurements
higher than adult reference ranges were observed
from 9 to 21 weeks of age. The FNa, FK, FCl, FCa,
and FP were slightly higher than those reported for
Conclusions and Clinical Relevance—Selected
results of quantitative urinalyses in healthy 9- to 27-week-old Beagle puppies differ with age and differ
from those measured in adult dogs. Diagnostic
measurements performed in puppies of this age
range should be compared with age-matched
results when possible. (Am J Vet Res 2000;61:577–581)