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  • Author or Editor: Gilbert E. Ward x
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Intestinal tissues from swine affected with proliferative enteritis were ground, filtered through a 0.65-μm pore membrane filter, diluted, and injected into 7-day-old embryonated hens’ eggs via the yolk sac. At 2, 4, and 7 days later, yolk sac swab specimens taken from live embryos were cultured for Campylobacter species. Campylobacter hyointestinalis was recovered from eggs injected with tissues of swine with acute hemorrhagic proliferative enteritis at dilutions up to 10−4. Campylobacter mucosalis was recovered from eggs injected with tissues of swine with chronic proliferative enteritis at dilutions up to 10−6. Campylobacter coli was recovered from several specimens without lesions of proliferative enteritis and also from some specimens with lesions of proliferative enteritis. Two previously undescribed hemolytic Campylobacter species designed as hemolytic number 1 and hemolytic number 2 were recovered from normal and experimentally inoculated swine tissues. Few contaminating organisms grow in eggs and these were usually recovered at dilutions of 10−2 or less. Recovery of Campylobacter species by use of these techniques was seldom successful in tissues stored at −70 C for more than 6 months.

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in American Journal of Veterinary Research


Embryonating eggs were inoculated with filtered porcine ileal mucosa containing intracellular curved rods (icr) and incubated for 4 to 6 days. Three of 12 pigs given the eggs per os developed microscopic lesions of proliferative enteritis (pe). Nonchallenge-exposed control pigs did not develop lesions of pe. Four of six positive control pigs given ileal mucosa from pigs with pe also developed microscopic lesions of pe. All of the PE lesions were found in pigs necropsied 10 to 29 days after challenge exposure. None of the swine in the study had clinical signs or gross lesions of pe.

Campylobacter spp were isolated from pigs with and without exposure to the ileal mucosa from pigs with pe. There was no relationship between Campylobacter spp isolation and development of lesions.

Deoxyribonucleic acids extracted from embryonating chicken eggs injected with the equivalent of 0.5 mg of mucosal lesions and incubated for 4 days hybridized to a dna probe specific for the icr, whereas dna extracted from 1.5 mg of mucosal homogenates of the same proliferative tissue did not hybridize with the same probe. Results of these experiments indicated that icr injected into eggs remained infective for pigs and suggest replication of icr in the first-passage eggs.

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in American Journal of Veterinary Research