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  • Author or Editor: Gary J. Kociba x
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Lymphocyte functions in cattle affected with leukocyte adhesion deficiency (lad, termed blad in cattle) were evaluated by lymphocyte markers, blastogenic response, and immunoglobulin concentrations; mononuclear phagocyte functions were assessed by chemotactic and luminol-dependent chemiluminescent (cl) responses to determine the effects of impaired expression of leukocyte CD18 on mononuclear cell functions. Deficient CD18 expression on lymphocytes and mononuclear phagocytes from cattle with blad was clearly detected by use of flow cytometric analysis. There were no significant differences in the population of peanut agglutinin (pna)-positive and surface immunoglobulin-bearing blood lymphocytes from clinically normal cattle and cattle with blad, as determined by flow cytometric analysis. Lymphocytes from cattle with blad had strong mitogen-induced blastogenic responses, which were greater than those from controls. Adherence of mononuclear phagocytes from cattle with blad was markedly impaired, and their chemotactic responses had diminished values, compared with those of controls. Luminol-dependent cl of mononuclear phagocytes from affected cattle, stimulated by opsonized zymosan, had significantly (P < 0.01) decreased values, compared with those of controls. Concentrations of IgG were markedly increased in serum from cattle with blad, compared with those in controls. These results indicated that impaired expression of leukocyte CD18 has marked effects on adhering activity of mononuclear phagocytes, and significantly inhibits cl response of mononuclear phagocytes mediated by inactivated-complement 3b-dependent functions. High selective immunoglobulin concentrations indicated that lymphocytes of B-cell lineage may have normal function.

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in American Journal of Veterinary Research