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  • Author or Editor: Ann M. Martens x
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Abstract

OBJECTIVE

To compare the effect of multiple wound dressings on microbial growth in a perfused equine wound model.

SAMPLE

Abdominal musculocutaneous flaps from 16 equine cadavers.

PROCEDURES

8 full-thickness skin wound covered were created in each flap. Tissues were perfused with saline (0.9% NaCl) solution. Wounds were inoculated with methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) or Pseudomonas aeruginosa (106 CFUs), incubated, and covered with a dressing containing activated charcoal, boric acid, cadexomer iodine, calcium alginate, manuka honey, nanoparticle silver, or polyhexamethylene biguanide or with a control (nonadherent gauze) dressing. Muscle biopsy specimens were obtained at baseline (immediately prior to dressing application) and 6, 12, 18, and 24 hours later for mean bacterial load (MBL) determination. The MBLs at each subsequent time point were compared with that at baseline within dressing types, and MBLs at each time point were compared among dressing types.

RESULTS

MBLs in MRSA-inoculated wounds covered with cadexomer iodine dressings were significantly decreased from baseline at the 6− and 12-hour time points. For P aeruginosa–inoculated wounds, MBLs were significantly increased from baseline in all wounds at various times except for wounds with cadexomer iodine dressings. The MBLs of wounds with cadexomer iodine dressings were lower than all others, although not always significantly different from those for wounds with boric acid, manuka honey, nanoparticle silver, and polyhexamethylene biguanide dressings.

CONCLUSIONS AND CLINICAL RELEVANCE

In this nonviable perfused wound model, growth of MRSA and P aeruginosa was most effectively reduced or inhibited by cadexomer iodine dressings. These results and the effect of the dressings on wound healing should be confirmed with in vivo studies.

Full access
in American Journal of Veterinary Research

Abstract

OBJECTIVE To compare antibacterial effects among 3 types of foam used with negative-pressure wound therapy (NPWT) in an ex vivo equine perfused wound model.

SAMPLES Abdominal musculocutaneous flaps from 6 equine cadavers.

PROCEDURES Each musculocutaneous flap was continuously perfused with saline (0.9% NaCl) solution. Four 5-cm circular wounds were created in each flap and contaminated with 106 CFUs of both Pseudomonas aeruginosa and methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA). After a 1-hour incubation period, 1 of 4 treatments (NPWT with silver-impregnated polyurethane foam [NPWT-AgPU], polyurethane foam [NPWT-PU], or polyvinyl alcohol foam [NPWT-PVA] or a nonadherent dressing containing polyhexamethylene biguanide without NPWT [control]) was randomly applied to each wound. An 8-mm punch biopsy specimen was obtained from each wound immediately before and at 6, 12, 18, and 24 hours after treatment application to determine the bacterial load for both P aeruginosa and MRSA.

RESULTS The bacterial load of P aeruginosa for the NPWT-PVA treatment was significantly lower than that for the other 3 treatments at each sampling time after application, whereas the bacterial load for the NPWT-AgPU treatment was significantly lower than that for the NPWT-PU and control treatments at 12 hours after application. The bacterial load of MRSA for the NPWT-PVA treatment was significantly lower than that for the other 3 treatments at each sampling time after application.

CONCLUSIONS AND CLINICAL RELEVANCE Results indicated that wounds treated with NPWT-PVA had the greatest decrease in bacterial load; however, the effect of that treatment on wound healing needs to be assessed in vivo.

Full access
in American Journal of Veterinary Research