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  • Author or Editor: Alicia L Bertone x
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Objective—To determine the pharmacokinetics of methylprednisolone (MP) and the relationship between MP and hydrocortisone (HYD) concentrations in plasma and urine after intra-articular (IA) administration of 100 or 200 mg of MP acetate (MPA) to horses.

Animals—Five 3-year-old Thoroughbred mares.

Procedures—Horses exercised on a treadmill 3 times/wk during the study. Horses received 100 mg of MPA IA, then 8 weeks later received 200 mg of MPA IA. Plasma and urine samples were obtained at various times for 8 weeks after horses received each dose of MPA; concentrations of MP and HYD were determined. Pharmacokinetic-pharmacodynamic estimates for noncompartmental and compartmental parameters were determined.

Results—Maximum concentration of MP in plasma was similar for each MPA dose; concentrations remained greater than the lower limit of quantitation for 18 and 7 days after IA administration of 200 and 100 mg of MPA, respectively. Maximum concentration and area under the observed concentration-time curve for MP in urine were significantly higher (approximately 10-and 17-fold, respectively) after administration of 200 versus 100 mg of MPA. Hydrocortisone concentration was below quantifiable limits for ≥ 48 hours in plasma and urine of all horses after administration of each MPA dose.

Conclusions and Clinical Relevance—Pharmacokinetics of MP may differ among IA MPA dosing protocols, and MP may be detected in plasma and urine for a longer time than previously reported. This information may aid veterinarians treating sport horses. Further research is warranted to determine whether plasma HYD concentration can aid identification of horses that received exogenous glucocorticoids.

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in American Journal of Veterinary Research



To evaluate the effect of topically applied dimethylsulfoxide (DMSO) on lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced synovitis in the mid-carpal joint.


6 sound, healthy, adult horses (12 carpi).


In a double-blinded, crossover, paired study with a 1-week washout period, mid-carpal joints were allocated to group 1 (DMSO, n = 6) or group 2 (control, n = 6). Each joint was injected with 1.3 ml (0.0125 ng/dl) of LPS to induce synovitis. For group-1 joints, DMSO gel (15 g; 90%) was applied after injection of LPS and at 12-hour intervals for 60 hours. Joints of group 2 received LPS, but not DMSO gel. All horses were evaluated by serial lameness examinations and synovial fluid analyses (total and differential WBC count and total protein concentration) at 12- hour intervals for 60 hours after LPS injection. Plasma and synovial fluid were obtained at baseline and 36 hours to document presence of DMSO.


Mean WBC concentration was significantly (P < 0.05) lower in group-1, compared with group-2 joints, at 24 hours and had a trend to be lower at 36 hours. Mean total neutrophil count was significantly lower in group-1, compared with group-2 joints at 24 hours. In group-1 joints, DMSO was detected by use of gas chromatography in the synovial fluid of 5 of 6 joints and in plasma from 1 of 6 horses.


Topically applied DMSO penetrated into synovial fluid in sufficient quantities to be detected and to decrease joint inflammation. (Am J Vet Res 1998;59:1149-1152)

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in American Journal of Veterinary Research