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  • Author or Editor: Alan J. Ruggles x
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In 6 anesthetized ponies, 3 segments of jejunum and 3 segments of small colon were isolated from the peritoneal cavity in plastic bags filled with Hanks' balanced salt solution. One jejunal and 1 small colon segment were subjected to venous strangulation obstruction for 3 hours (vso-3), venous strangulation obstruction for 6 hours (vso-6), or a 6-hour sham procedure to control for changes induced by isolation in a plastic bag. Additional segments of jejunum and colon that were not placed in bags served as controls for histologic examination and collagenase measurements. Samples of fluid surrounding the intestine were obtained for chemical analyses, nucleated cell count, aerobic and anaerobic bacteriologic culture, and measurement of collagenase activity. Full-thickness tissue samples were obtained for histologic examination and measurement of collagenase content.

Bacteria did not cross the intestinal wall after 3 and 6 hours of vso, despite severe mucosal lesions in these segments. At 6 hours, Po2 was significantly less and Pco2 was significantly (P<0.05) greater in the fluid surrounding the vso-6 jejunal segments, compared with the sham jejunal segments. The pH was significantly (P<0.05) less in fluid surrounding vso-6 small colon segments, compared with the sham colon segments at 6 hours. For jejunum and small colon, phosphate and lactate concentrations were significantly (P<0.05) greater in vso-6 fluid than in the corresponding sham fluids at 6 hours. Fibrin formed around all vso segments, although fibrinogen was not detected in the surrounding fluid, indicating possible rapid conversion of fibrinogen to fibrin. Fluid collagenase activity increased significantly (P<0.05) in all segments over 6 hours. The preparation used in this study was successful in measuring local changes on the serosal surface of intestine subjected to vso and in isolating segments under study in a sterile environment.

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in American Journal of Veterinary Research



To compare the biochemical, histochemical, and immunohistochemical profiles of articular cartilage from horses with naturally acquired distal tibial osteochondrosis (OC) with cartilage from a similar location in clinically normal horses.


9 affected horses (group 1, 16 OC lesions) and 4 control horses (group 2, 8 normal osteochondral specimens).


OC specimens were collected during arthroscopic removal of the fragment, and control specimens were collected by aseptic osteotomy. Uronic acid, total protein, total glycosaminoglycan (GAG), chondroitin sulfate (CS), and keratan sulfate (KS) contents were determined. Histomorphologic, histochemical, and immunohistochemical examinations were performed on specimens after snap freezing at −80 C and cryosectioning. Monoclonal antibodies (MAB) 3B3 and 5D4 were applied for location of epitopes of CS and KS, respectively.


OC lesions had significantly lower quantity of uronic acid, total GAG, and CS, compared with normal cartilage. OC cartilage had significantly less intense staining with toluidine blue, along with irregular cellularity and tidemark characteristics, compared with normal cartilage. Monoclonal antibodies 3B3 and 5D4 stained OC cartilage, whereas MAB 5D4 did not stain control cartilage. Additionally, MAB 3B3 and 5D4 stained the fibrous tissue that was found firmly attached to the OC lesion located between the parent distal portion of the tibia and OC fragment.


OC cartilage lesions of the distal intermediate ridge of the tibia in horses are biochemically, histochemically, and immunohistochemically distinct from normal cartilage from the same location. Results may reflect the inability of the chondrocyte of the developing joint to alter matrix components that would allow proper maturation and differentiation into bone. (Am J Vet Res 1997;58:89–98)

Free access
in American Journal of Veterinary Research