Article Structure Theriogenology Question of the Month

The digital edition of JAVMA is the journal of record. Accepted articles may be published in both the print and digital editions or the digital edition alone, as decided by the editorial staff.

Theriogenology Question of the Month: Serves as a learning exercise for readers, the majority of whom are general practitioners, by providing clinically relevant information concerning the evaluation and treatment of animals with reproductive and obstetrical problems and genital diseases. Possible topics include commonly seen reproductive problems in domestic or exotic animals. Reproductive problems in herds of dairy and beef cattle, sheep, goats, horses, and exotic hoof stock; kennels or catteries; or in flocks of domestic or exotic fowl are also appropriate.

Word count for main text: ≤ 1,400

  • Excludes figure legends and references

References: ≤ 5
Figures: ≤ 2 in total

Formatting (applies to main text, references, and figure legends)

  • 8.5 x 11-inch page size
  • Double spaced
  • 12-point font
  • 1-inch (2.5-cm) margins
  • Left justification
  • Sequential line numbering

Manuscript text file (in order of inclusion; uploaded as a single document)

  • Title page—Includes the following:
    • Manuscript title—Includes the feature name, the condition described, and the species involved (eg, Theriogenology Question of the Month: [condition] in a [species]).
    • First name, middle initial (if applicable), and last name of each author, along with each author’s professional degree and highest earned academic degree (eg, MS or PhD, MPVM). List a bachelor’s or associate’s degree only if it is the author’s only degree. Do not list specialty board certifications or honorary degrees.
    • List of professional affiliations of the authors at the time of case management.
    • Name of the corresponding author and their email address.
  • Body of manuscript—Includes the following sections:
    • History: Provides sufficient information regarding the specific clinical problem so that the readers could reasonably determine the best solution or next logical step. Signalment, medical history, physical examination findings, and laboratory test results should be provided as relevant to the case.
    • Question: Poses a specific question relating to the clinical problem for readers to consider.
    • Answer: Briefly answers the question posed.
    • Results: Provides a brief description of the clinical management and relevant follow-up information.
    • Discussion: Provides an adequate assessment of the problem and possible alternative solutions.
    • Outcome: Provides the disposition of the animal or animals.
  • Acknowledgments: Identifies individuals who made important contributions to the article but who do not meet the criteria for authorship. Ensure that individuals named in the acknowledgments have given their permission to be listed. Report any funding sources and conflicts of interest.
  • References: Are formatted using the current American Medical Association Manual of Style. Limit them to those that are necessary. Primary references (eg, original studies) rather than secondary references (eg, textbooks and review articles) are preferred whenever possible. Please note that authors bear primary responsibility for the accuracy of all references.
  • Figure legends: Provide sufficient information to allow the figures to be understood without reference to the text. When abbreviations from the main text are used in figure legends, they should be redefined in the legends. When using abbreviations unique to the figures, each should be defined in the legend in alphabetical order (eg, ALP = Alkaline phosphatase. CK = Creatine kinase. TP = Total protein.).

Figures (to be uploaded separately)

  • Are submitted as separate image files at a minimum resolution of 300 dots per inch at the size they will be printed in the journal (ie, usually the width of 1 printed column or 8 cm).
  • To ensure high-quality reproduction:
    • Use sufficiently large text and symbols to be legible when the figure is reduced for publication. Text and symbols should be at least 1.5 mm tall when the figure is reduced to 8 cm in width.
    • Include in photomicrographs and electron micrographs (and all inserts) an internal scale marker, with the length of the scale marker defined in the figure legend.

Manuscript submission
Are submitted electronically at

  • Enter the manuscript title from the title page.
  • In the Abstract field, provide a brief (≤ 3 sentences) synopsis of the case (eg, patient signalment and presenting complaints, key findings, and condition or disease diagnosed).

When prompted during manuscript submission, supply keywords from the journal website that describe the topic of the manuscript to facilitate indexing and aid in the selection of reviewers.

Return to JAVMA instructions for authors