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History

An 18-year-old 688-kg Belgian gelding was presented for chronic weight loss and a recent deterioration of its general condition.

Clinical and Gross Findings

On initial assessment, the horse had a rectal temperature of 39.0 °C (reference range, 37.2 to 38.3 °C), heart rate of 100 beats/min (reference range, 28 to 44 beats/min), and shallow respirations with clinically normal bronchovesicular sounds. Intestinal sounds were also clinically normal. There was frothy discharge from the oral cavity, and feces were slightly liquid. Ceftiofur (6.6 mg/kg, IM, q 96 h), moxidectin-praziquantel (dose not reported, PO), and flunixin meglumine (1.1 mg/kg, IV) were initially

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
History

A 3-year-old American Quarter Horse gelding was presented to the University of Illinois Equine Medicine and Surgery service with a 3-day history of lethargy, facial edema, and soft tissue swelling of the distal limbs. The horse was presented in the fall, and all other horses in the herd were clinically normal.

Clinical and Clinicopathologic Findings

Upon presentation, the gelding was quiet but responsive with a rectal temperature of 38.6 °C (reference interval, 37.5 to 38.5 °C). Hyperemic mucous membranes, tachycardia (80 beats/min; reference interval, 28 to 40 beats/min), and tachypnea (40 breaths/min; reference interval, 8 to 15 breaths/min) with

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
History

An approximately 18-month-old Beltex ram was found dead in the field in which it was kept. The ram had a previous clinical history of a breathing problem, but no details regarding clinical examination or treatment were provided at the time of submission of the carcass.

The ram underwent postmortem examination at the Department of Veterinary Medicine, University of Cambridge, UK. Tissue samples from all major organs were fixed in neutral-buffered 10% formalin solution, and histological sections were prepared following standard protocols.

Clinical and Gross Findings

Focally and unilaterally expanding the laryngeal fold there was a pink to white, round

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
History

A 2-year-old 340-g sexually intact male bearded dragon (Pogona vitticeps) that was a red morph was referred because of a 1-month history of vomiting and regurgitation and a 1-day history of hematemesis. The animal had been mildly lethargic and inappetent after exiting brumation. Blood work performed by the referring veterinarian revealed severe leukocytosis (32.3 X 103 WBCs/μL; reference range, 1 1.45 X 103 to 19.0 X 103 WBCs/µL) and severe hyperglycemia (1,339 mg/dL; reference range, 2 108 to 333 mg/dL). Results were negative for a direct fecal smear and

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
History

Four approximately 6-week-old bobwhite quail (Colinus virginianus) were submitted for necropsy. The quail were from a production flock of approximately 30,000 in which there had been 15 deaths over 2 weeks. The quail were confined to an open barn, where the flock colony grazed and was fed a game bird maintenance feed. The quail did not have a history of vaccinations, and there was no known exposure to any toxins.

Gross Findings

All 4 quail had similar gross findings that consisted of tan to yellow, pinpoint to 4-mm-diameter, raised rough plaques on the mucosa of the small

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
History

A 3-year-old 19.4-kg spayed female Australian Cattle Dog (also known as Blue Heeler) was referred as an after-hours emergency because of abdominal effusion identified by the referring veterinarian when the dog was evaluated because of a history of vomiting, tremors, and agitation. The dog was involved with cattle herding and may have been kicked before the onset of signs

Clinical and Gross Findings

On presentation, the dog appeared anxious and was mildly tachycardic (144 beats/min; reference range, 100 to 130 beats/min), but the remaining vital signs were within reference limits. The abdomen had no external wounds but was distended,

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
History

A 12-year-old 493-kg Andalusian gelding was evaluated because of recurrent colic and a potential abdominal mass. The gelding had been relocated from Connecticut to Texas 6 months prior to presentation and had 3 episodes of colic within the 5 weeks prior to presentation.

Clinical and Gross Findings

On admission, the gelding was bright, alert, and responsive and had pink and moist mucous membranes, a capillary refill time of < 2 seconds, and vital signs, borborygmi, and digital pulses within reference limits. A doughy impaction in the pelvic flexure and a soft, moveable mass-like structure to the right of the

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
History

A 22-month-old 21.8-kg spayed female Siberian Husky with a history of chewing on sticks and wood mulch was initially presented in February with the primary complaint of fetid breath of 3 days’ duration.

Clinical and Gross Findings

On oral examination, extensive sublingual necrotizing ulcerative stomatitis was observed along the right side and ventral aspect of the tongue (Figure 1). The lesion was suspected of being infected secondary to a penetrating wound, given the animal’s history of chewing on wooden items. The animal was anesthetized, and the lesion was debrided and closed. The animal was started

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
History

A 1-year-old male Narragansett turkey developed growth-like lesions on the face. This turkey was part of a backyard flock that also included chickens, ducks, and another turkey. The other turkey in the flock simultaneously developed similar cutaneous lesions on the neck.

Clinical and Gross Findings

Two days after the lesions were first noticed, both turkeys were brought to the referring veterinarian for evaluation and were prescribed oxytetracycline (200 mg, PO, q 24 h). Over the next 5 days, the growths progressed to cover much of the left side of the face. Both affected turkeys became lethargic and inappetent, and

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
History

A 7-month-old 9.69-kg sexually intact female mixed-breed goat was presented to the University of Tennessee College of Veterinary Medicine farm animal medicine and surgery service because of a 2-week duration of neurologic signs. The owner also reported that the goat had tested negative for serologic detection of caprine arthritis–encephalitis virus (CAEV). Upon arrival, the goat was recumbent and unresponsive. Due to progressive clinical deterioration and a poor prognosis, the goat was euthanized and immediately submitted for necropsy. The goat’s vaccination history was unknown.

Gross Findings

Postmortem examination revealed a diffusely wet brain that oozed abundant light clear fluid (edema).

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association