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A near-term male Angus calf stillborn from a healthy primiparous cow was found dead, the second similar case in 2 weeks. The farm was located in Rio Grande do Sul, the southernmost Brazilian state; held approximately 270 adult cattle, and a moderate tick infestation. This was a closed herd that was vaccinated against bovine herpesvirus type 1 (BoHV-1), bovine viral diarrhea virus (BVDV), rabies virus, Clostridium sp, rotavirus, and brucellosis. The calf was submitted for postmortem examination. One month after the stillbirth, the cow was still healthy.

Gross Findings

No ticks were detected on the carcass. The

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

To compare pet owners’ and veterinarians’ perceptions of veterinarian-client conversations concerning pet weight and identify challenges related to communication about weight.

SAMPLE POPULATION

Veterinarians (n = 24) and pet owners (27) in southern Ontario, Canada.

PROCEDURES

3 veterinarian and 5 pet owner focus groups were conducted with a semistructured interview format. Thematic analysis of verbatim transcripts was conducted.

RESULTS

Pet owners valued weight as an important health indicator for pets yet did not expect to discuss weight extensively at every appointment. Owners expected veterinarians to provide options and tailor recommendations when discussing weight management. Owners appeared more concerned with underweight animals, whereas veterinarians focused on obese animals. Veterinarians identified communication challenges, including the perception that owners are uninterested in discussing weight and conversations can become adversarial. Veterinarians reported various benefits and challenges of using humor to address pet weight and emphasized that weight-related conversations often depend on the existing veterinarian-client relationship.

CLINICAL RELEVANCE

Some perceptions of pet owner expectations expressed by veterinarians in this study align with owner preferences, yet several opportunities exist for changes to veterinarians’ approaches to weight-related communication with clients.

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
History

A 1-year-old 23.5-kg mixed-breed wether was presented to the University of Florida Large Animal Hospital for neurologic evaluation and imaging. The sheep was presented 5 months earlier as a rescue from an animal hoarding case to the university hospital for evaluation and management of a mildly comminuted, transverse fracture of the right proximal metatarsus, as well as left hindlimb paresis and stifle laxity. On initial evaluation, the sheep was noted to demonstrate a bilaterally absent menace response and a tendency to turn to the left when stimulated. Further neurologic evaluation was not pursued by the rescue while the fracture

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

Abstract

Pancreatitis commonly occurs in humans, dogs, and cats. For both veterinary and human health-care professionals, measurement of serum pancreatic lipase concentration or activity provides useful support for a diagnosis of pancreatitis. In this Currents in One Health manuscript, we will discuss commonly used lipase assays in veterinary medicine, namely catalytic colorimetric and immunological lipase assays. We highlight potential diagnostic pitfalls associated with analytical specificity, assay validation, and sample condition interferences. Catalytic lipase assays may detect extrapancreatic lipases. In addition, we propose a decision tree for interpretation of lipase assays in the context of a clinical patient.

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

Swine health experts are two years into a four-year pilot program of developing a playbook against animal diseases. Participation in the program could eventually have animal health and trade implications.

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Advances in herptile husbandry, nutrition, and medicine have greatly improved the health and welfare of pet reptiles and amphibians. And they appear to be an increasingly attractive option for pet owners.

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Veterinary studies recently listed in the AVMA Animal Health Studies Database include a new study from the Comparative Oncology Trials Consortium, which uses results from clinical trials in animals to inform human medicine.

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Over 200 veterinary professionals met virtually with members of Congress this April to garner support for AVMA-backed legislation addressing rural veterinary shortages and the health of imported dogs.

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The American College of Veterinary Nephrology and Urology is the newest AVMA-recognized veterinary specialty organization and has a unique training program.

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The American Veterinary Medical Foundation is channeling more than $500,000 in donations from individuals and organizations to help animals and people affected by the Russian invasion of Ukraine.

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